Stereological study on the numerical plasticity of myelinated fibers and oligodendrocytes in the rat spinal cord with painful diabetic neuropathy

Painful diabetic neuropathy may associate with nerve morphological plasticity in both peripheral and central nervous system. The aim of this study was to determine numerical changes of myelinated fibers in the spinothalamic tract region and oligodendrocytes in the spinal dorsal horn of rats with painful diabetic neuropathy and the effects of metformin on the above changes. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were randomly allocated into the control group (n = 7), the painful diabetic neuropathy group (n = 6) and the painful diabetic neuropathy treated with metformin group (the PDN + M group, n = 7), respectively. Twenty-eight days after medication, numbers of myelinated fibers in the spinothalamic tract and oligodendrocytes in the spinal dorsal horn were estimated by the optical disector (a stereological technique). Compared to the control group, number of myelinated fibers in the spinothalamic tract increased significantly in the painful diabetic neuropathy and PDN + M group, compared to the painful diabetic neuropathy group, number of myelinated fibers decreased in the PDN + M group (P
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Conclusions: GCP patients (otherwise systemically healthy) were characterized by increased Th17-proinflammatory cell phenotype positive for the IL-23 receptor in peripheral blood. The proportion of Th17 cells that are negative for the IL-23 receptor in the peripheral blood of systemically healthy patients seemed to be unaffected by the presence or absence of chronic periodontitis.
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings emphasize the concern that psychiatric patients present an altered metabolic profile and that they do not receive adequate treatment for metabolic disruptions. Presence of metabolic disturbances should be routinely assessed, and adequate follow-up is needed to intervene early after illness onset. PMID: 32237298 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
Anti‑glycolipid disorder effect of epigallocatechin‑3‑gallate on high‑fat diet and STZ‑induced T2DM in mice. Mol Med Rep. 2020 Mar 26;: Authors: Ren Z, Yang Z, Lu Y, Zhang R, Yang H Abstract Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is beneficial for inhibiting dyslipidemia and reducing hyperlipidemic risk. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the glycolipid regulatory effects and potential mechanisms of EGCG in a high‑fat diet and streptozotocin‑induced type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) mouse model. The results demonstrated that EGCG can decrease blood glucose levels and i...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite a reduction in the overall burden of depressive symptoms, the migrant subgroup population has a higher probability of presenting these symptoms. Mental health strategies for migrant women are a priority in Peru. PMID: 32237886 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Authors: Huang YM, Shiyanbola OO, Chan HY, Smith PD Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) incurs tremendous health cost associated with various complications due to poor diabetes control. Medication adherence, which is correlated with patients' health literacy, should be consistently practiced achieving optimal diabetes control. A deeper understanding of the specific communication and psychosocial factors related to medication-taking behaviors across different levels of health literacy among people with T2D will guide the development of effective interventions and strategies to enhance medication adherence.Obj...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: The home-visit simulation scenario was effective in providing students with a problem-solving experience in conditions similar to reality.Clinical Evidence: Further research is needed to develop various types of community simulation scenarios to enhance competency for community health practice. PMID: 32233948 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Community Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: J Community Health Nurs Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)Author(s): J.P. Miramontes González, L. Pérez de Isla
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractDiabetes mellitus is one of the major public health problems worldwide. Considerable recent evidence suggests that the cellular reduction-oxidation (redox) imbalance leads to oxidative stress and subsequent occurrence and development of diabetes and related complications by regulating certain signaling pathways involved in β-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance. Reactive oxide species (ROS) can also directly oxidize certain proteins (defined as redox modification) involved in the diabetes process. There are a number of potential problems in the clinical application of antioxidant therapies including poor so...
Source: Frontiers of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsParticipants with T2D showed an accelerated decline in muscle mass compared to non-diabetic participants. Insulin therapy was associated with preserved muscle mass, but not muscle function parameters, indicating a discrepancy between muscle mass and function in this high-risk population.
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our report indicated the relationship between MetS factors and Vitamin D deficiency. The ex-vivo findings emphasize its impact on maintaining regulated immune balance. PMID: 32238143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine, Metabolic and Immune Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
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