Zoonoses in rural veterinarians in the central region of Argentina.

CONCLUSIONS: A high frequency of zoonoses was reported by veterinarians with a large animal practice. Although the rate of zoonoses may be decreasing, further studies are needed to confirm this finding. A joint effort of all institutions is needed to prevent zoonoses among private practitioners. PMID: 24118152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Australian Journal of Rural Health - Category: Rural Health Authors: Tags: Aust J Rural Health Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Hanif Esmail, Marc C Lipman, Andrew Nunn, Timothy M Walker
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Fahima Begum, Charles Tilsed, Alastair McGregor, Gopal Rao
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsTaken together, our results demonstrated that PAS resistance and mutations in katG, inhA promoter or oxyR-ahpC intergenic region in INH resistant M. tuberculosis has little effect on pasiniazid susceptibility.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This article describes the simultaneous determination of bedaquiline fumarate (TMC-207) and rifabutin in human plasma by stable isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry. The methodology was developed for an investigation of potential drug-drug interactions of the two anti-tuberculosis drugs when given together to healthy human volunteers. Use of the two drugs in combination to treat disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is contemplated as the bacterium becomes resistant to many currently available drugs.
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, 13-15-months-old Holstein-Friesian steers were immunised with a subunit vaccine as a prime and a modified vaccinia Ankara vector as a boost, both expressing a chimeric multi-antigen (rMABbo – rMVA). This antigen includes the immunodominant B and T cell epitopes of three B. bovis proteins: merozoite surface antigen - 2c (MSA - 2c), rhoptry associated protein 1 (RAP - 1) and heat shock protein 20 (HSP20). Responses were compared with the Babesia bovis live attenuated vaccine used in Argentina (R1A). Eleven weeks after the first immunisation, all bovines were challenged by the inoculation of a virulent B....
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
In this study, Mycobacterium avium (n= 77, 17.7%), Mycobacterium intracellulare (n= 70, 16.1%), Mycobacterium szulgai (n= 19, 4.4%), Mycobacterium kansasii (n= 10, 2.3%) ve Mycobacterium smiae (n= 9, 2.1%) were isolated as slowly growing mycobacteria from the pulmonary patients. Susceptibility testing was performed in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth (CAMH), supplemented with "oleic acid, albumin dextrose catalase" according to CLSI/ M24-A2 guideline recommendations. For the antibiotic susceptibility test, ready-to-use plaque drugs for slow-growing mycobacteria (SLOMYCO-Sensititre, TREK Diagnostic Systems Ltd...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
In this study, C.burnetii was isolated by cell culture method from the heart valve tissue of a Q fever endocarditis case. C.burnetii phase I antigen for the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was prepared from the isolated strain. For the isolation and identification of C.burnetii, heart valve tissue of the patient was homogenized and DNA was extracted by tissue extraction kit. C.burnetii DNA in the valve tissue was determined by real-time PCR (Rt-PCR). This C.burnetii DNA positive specimen was inoculated into Vero cells by shell vial centrifugation method. The scraped Vero cells were fixed on the slides after one w...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Authors: Bozok T, Kayar B, Yakıcı G, Eker E, Marzi M, Karslı F, Köksal F Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic, granulomatous and necrotizing disease caused by microorganisms belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex group. In 2017, 6.4 million new TB cases have been reported according to the World Health Organization 2018 Global Tuberculosis Report. TB remains among the major health problems of our time due to the increasing drug resistance problem and the difficulties in definitive diagnosis in recent years. It is stated by clinicians that intensive use of quinolone group drugs with oral form ...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
ConclusionsContinuous RRT for patients with AKI eligible for CRRT or IRRT would probably be a cost-effective intervention for the National Institute of Social Services for Retirees and Pensioners’ view. Nevertheless, there is considerable uncertainty around results, mainly due to the lack of adequate controlled studies and local data on the prognosis of these patients in Argentina.
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Background: The World Health Organization recommends isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for people living with HIV (PLHIV) to prevent tuberculosis (TB), including pregnant women. Recent trial results suggest increased adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with IPT during pregnancy. Data are limited regarding programmatic IPT use in pregnant PLHIV. Methods: We assessed previous programmatic IPT during pregnancy among HIV-infected mothers on enrollment to an infant TB prevention trial in Kenya. Pregnancy IPT use was assessed by the estimated conception date assuming 38 weeks of gestation. Correlates of initiation and co...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
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