Matrine Restrains Cell Growth and Metastasis by Up-Regulating LINC00472 in Bladder Carcinoma

Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research

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ConclusionsWith good inter-observer concordance, the 2004 WHO classification system of noninvasive bladder tumours appears to accurately predict recurrence and progression risks. The combination of both grading systems to low-grade tumours allows further refinement of the natural history.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Researchers reported updated findings of infigratinib in upper tract urothelial carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, supporting the development of phase III studies in this setting.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
h R Abstract The annual symposium of the German Research Association for Bladder Carcinoma (DFBK) was organized on February 7th and 8th, 2020, in Düsseldorf. On the first day, eight international guest speakers invited by the DFBK and the Department of Urology of the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf presented the current state of research on bladder cancer (BC). Topics were genomic changes and molecular classification in non-muscle-invasive and muscle-invasive BC, prospects and limits of proteome technology in urine diagnostics, function of chromatin regulators in bladder carcinogenesis, cellular rea...
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research
Purpose of review The standard diagnosis of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder, based on white light cystoscopy and urine cytology, is limited because CIS can vary from normal-appearing mucosa to a lesion indistinguishable from an inflammatory process. Intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG) remains first-line therapy; however, a significant proportion of cases persist or recur after BCG treatment. This review summarizes recent improvements in the detection and treatment of CIS. Recent findings The new optical technologies improve CIS detection, with a potential positive impact on oncolog...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: BLADDER CANCER: Edited by Juan Palou and Óscar Rodríguez Faba Source Type: research
Purpose of review To report the available information on the current status and future direction of the use of checkpoint inhibitors as novel immunotherapeutic agents in bladder cancer. Recent findings In the past 3 years, five immunotherapies targeting programmed cell death 1 (Pembrolizumab and Durvalumab) or programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) (Atezolizumab, nivolumab and Avelumab) pathways have been approved in second-line setting for patients who progressed during or after cisplatin-based chemotherapy. According to the most recent update, these patients should be PD-L1-positive to be eligible for immunotherapy....
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: BLADDER CANCER: Edited by Juan Palou and Óscar Rodríguez Faba Source Type: research
Purpose of review The aim of this article is to review incidence, risk factors, and optimal management of de-novo urothelial carcinoma in transplant recipients. Recent findings There is a two to three-fold increased risk for de-novo malignant tumors after solid-organ transplantation, but there is currently no consensus regarding optimal management of de-novo urothelial carcinoma in transplanted patients. Known risk factors include polyomavirus BK, aristolochic acid, and smoking. Data suggest a higher rate of high-grade tumors, as well as predominantly higher stage at primary diagnosis, for both NMIBC and muscle-invasi...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: BLADDER CANCER: Edited by Juan Palou and Óscar Rodríguez Faba Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that circRNAs were dysregulated in bladder cancer tissues compared with matched normal samples. Pathway analysis was also performed to predict the binding of miRNAs to the dysregulated circRNAs. The results revealed that hsa_circ_100242 may be involved in bladder cancer initiation and progression by sponging miR-145. These findings may provide further insights into the functional and therapeutic roles of circRNAs in bladder cancer. PMID: 32218853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study indicated that CRYAB, CGNL1, ECM1, and GPX3 are potential urine biomarkers of HGBC. These four novel urine biomarkers will have attractive applications to provide new diagnostic methods, prognostic predictors and treatment targets for HGBC, which could improve the prognosis of HGBC patients, if validated by further experiments and larger prospective clinical trials.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThis review appraises the current literature on carcinogenic risks in anti-neutrophilic cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis (AAV). Patients with AAV are often at increased risk of developing non-melanoma skin carcinomas (NMSCs), haematological malignancies, bladder, breast, lung, prostate, and colorectal carcinomas. Reported cancer incidence in these patients ranged from 10 to 26%. Cancer risks at the time of diagnosis of AAV and disease outcomes along the trajectory of AAV that may lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD); dialysis and transplantation are summarized. Inherent carcinogenic risks as pa...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHere, we discuss the role of ErbB4 in normal physiology and in breast, lung, colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, prostate, bladder, and brain cancers, as well as in hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and melanoma. Understanding the role of ErbB4 in cancer is not only important for the treatment of tumors, but also for the treatment of other disorders in which ErbB4 plays a major role, e.g. cardiovascular disease.
Source: Cellular Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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