Sport-related concussion is associated with elevated anxiety, but not attentional bias to threat - Carlson JM, Kangas KJ, Susa TR, Fang L, Moore MT.

Primary Objective: Symptoms following concussion commonly include deficits in attentional processing and elevated anxiety. Prioritized allocation of attentional resources to threat-related information is referred to as attentional bias to threat, wh...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

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AbstractObjectiveWe investigated the long-term cognitive effects of concussion in 19,261 members of the general population and a cohort of varsity American football players with a history of frequent head impacts, using tests that are known to be sensitive to small changes in performance.MethodsWe asked 19,261 participants to complete a demographic questionnaire and 12 cognitive tests measuring aspects of executive function, including inhibitory control. We compared the performance of those reporting a history of concussion (post-concussion) to those reporting no history of concussion (non-concussed) on the cognitive batte...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this pilot RCT, 6 weeks of CBT-I produced significant improvement in sleep in adolescents with persistent postconcussion symptoms. A larger trial is warranted.
Source: The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation - Category: Neurology Tags: Focus on Clinical Research and Practice Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Persistent Sport-Related Post-Concussion Syndrome is a topic of great interest to both professionals and the general public. There is much misunderstanding about the etiology, causation, diagnostic formulations, symptom presentation, prolonging factors and treatment involved in this syndrome. This article posits an individualized multi-system diagnostic formulation, examining all relevant factors, as generating the best interventions for neurorehabilitation of Persistent Sport-Related Post-Concussion Syndrome. PMID: 32083597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Luisa Bohorquez-Montoya, Lezlie Y. España, Amy M. Nader, Robyn E. Furger, Andrew R. Mayer, Timothy B. MeierAbstractApproximately 30% of adolescents with concussion develop persistent post-concussion symptoms (PPCS) that include emotional symptoms. Elevated amygdalae reactivity to emotional faces has been reported in a variety of psychopathologies characterized by emotional symptoms overlapping with those in PPCS. We tested the hypothesis that amygdalae reactivity to emotional faces in adolescents with PPCS+ is elevated compared...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Unique treatment/rehabilitation strategies should be considered for individuals with elevated anxiety following concussion. PMID: 32050803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: In elite sports, concussion is common and recurrent, especially in high-speed contact or collision sports such as American and Australian football, ice hockey and rugby. Mental health symptoms (e.g., anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance) are ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: While longitudinal evidence about any causal relationship is lacking, the suggested relationship between sports career-related concussion and mental health symptoms in former elite athletes warrants the development of support measures for elite athletes transitioning out of sport, especially for those with a history of concussion. PMID: 32017942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurochirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research
Why We Can’t Believe Everything We Experience Sitting by the edge of the indoor pool on a winter’s day, I swung my feet into the water, feeling the full-on rush of cold water against my feet and ankles. “Boy is this water cold,” I thought to myself.  Not quite ready to plunge in, I dipped my fingers and then hands into the water, surprised to discover the warmth of the water against my skin. “Wait, actually the water feels nice and warm.” This phenomenon struck me as very curious. My feet, having been in my warm shoes, would have me believe the water was cold. My hands, having been ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Mindfulness Self-Help Stress Perspective Source Type: blogs
This study examined differences in symptom burden and symptom profile scores between concussed children with prolonged recovery and those with typical recovery. We conducted a retrospective case-control study of concussed children aged 10–18 years. Prolonged recovery was defined as symptom duration beyond 28 days post-injury. Symptom burden was measured as total symptom score (TSS) at injury. Symptom profiles included: (1) vestibular, (2) ocular, (3) cognitive/fatigue, (4) migraine, and (5) anxiety. A total of 4380 unique concussions sustained by 3777 patients were included; 80.3% white, 60.0% male, and 44.0% age...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Concussion in the deployed settings does not occur in isolation, with co-morbid and co-occurring conditions being common. Presence of multiple co-morbidities appears to influence clinical course and overall recovery. Post-traumatic headaches are often phenotypically fully consistent with migraine, and appear related to pre-existing migraine if supported by detailed pre-deployment headache history suggesting same. Careful and comprehensive history taking and evaluation is invaluable in identifying associated conditions including migraine, potentially helping clinicians with more accurate symptom attribution, di...
Source: Headache - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Headache Source Type: research
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