Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder status and sex moderate mild traumatic brain injury symptom severity in children and adolescents: implications for clinical management - Orban SA, Epstein JN, Carr D, Logan K, Gubanich PJ, Sidol C, Myer GD.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), using a broad parent-reported measure, and to determine whether parent-ratings of mTBI symptoms are higher among those with premorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity diso...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Authors: Andrade C Abstract Many observational studies have found an association between antidepressant drug prescription during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. The results of such studies cannot be considered conclusive because of the possible presence of inadequately measured, unmeasured, and unknown confounds. In this context, maternal anemia before or at but not after 30 weeks of gestation was recently associated with an increased risk of all 3 of these neurodevelopmental disorders. Additionally, ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Discontinuing medications was associated with a small but statistically significant decrease in quality of life among children and adolescents with ADHD but not in adults with ADHD. Quality of life can be applied in pharmacologic interventions regarding continuing and discontinuing medication because this concept is related to individuals' appraisal of their situation. Quality of life is an important factor for planning individualized ADHD medication treatment. PMID: 32237294 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Environmental Health Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We believe this program offers a solution to a component of this growing problem, and other clinical sites would benefit from such a program. Next steps include analysis and publication of results of implementation, including patient outcomes, engagement in treatment, and satisfaction. PMID: 32240081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Permanente journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Perm J Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Interventions:   Dietary Supplement: Probiotic;   Other: Placebo Sponsor:   National Nutrition and Food Technology Institute Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractEnvironmental noise may play a role in the manifestation and severity of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, but evidence is limited. We investigated the cross-sectional associations between residential and school road traffic noise exposure and ADHD symptoms and diagnosis. The sample includedn = 1710, 10–12-year-old children from the TRAILS study in The Netherlands. ADHD symptoms were measured using a DSM-IV based subscale from the Child Behavior Checklist. Children with diagnosed ADHD originated from the clinic-referred cohort. Road traffic noise (Lden) was estimated at t...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsParent and teacher-INFAs provide different kinds of information, while both are useful. Teacher-INFA and the ‘and-rule’ provide a more accurate index of severity than an additive symptom count. Parent-INFA and the ‘or-rule’ are more sensitive for detecting cases with milder ADHD.
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of American College Health - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Source Type: research
WEDNESDAY, April 1, 2020 -- A new study dispels a common belief about how stimulants such as Ritalin and Adderall work in the brain. The drugs are usually prescribed to people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but are sometimes...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
This study explores whether school-age siblings benefited from a program provided to HIV-infected caregivers and their preschool-aged target children. Methods: Siblings of target 2- to 3-year-old children in ECD intervention households were evaluated at school age (5–12 years) on neurocognitive outcomes with the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC), computerized Test of Variables of Attention, Behavior Rating Inventory for Executive Function (BRIEF; parent), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder rating inventory (ADHD-R)-IV (parent). Households from 18 geographic clusters in eastern Uganda were ra...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics - Category: Child Development Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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