the Effect of WBPC on Subacute Stroke Patients

Condition:   Stroke Interventions:   Device: WBPC;   Device: Without WBPC Sponsor:   Changhua Christian Hospital Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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What have we learned about the contributors of stroke in the Stroke Belt, a region in the Southeastern United States where stroke mortality is consistently higher than elsewhere in the US?Stroke
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Journal Article Source Type: news
Stroke is one of the major causes of chronic disability worldwide and increasing efforts have focused on studying brain repair and recovery after stroke. Following stroke, the primary injury site can disrupt functional connections in nearby and remotely connected brain regions, resulting in the development of secondary injuries that may impede long-term functional recovery. In particular, secondary degenerative injury occurs in the connected ipsilesional thalamus following a cortical stroke. Although secondary thalamic injury was first described decades ago, the underlying mechanisms still remain unclear. We performed a sy...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe severity of stroke may directly increase the risk of fall, and also indirectly, lengthening the hospitalization. Our study seems to suggest that patients with BI scores of between 21 and 30 on admission are more prone to fall in the first period of hospitalization, whereas in the second month, those with scores of between 11 and 20 on admission have a higher risk of falls. In the third month, patients with BI scores below 10 on admission are more susceptible to falls.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionStroke patients showed higher interhemispheric asymmetry of the motor cortex excitability when compared to healthy, and the magnitude of this asymmetry seems to be correlated with the severity of sensory-motor impairment, but not with stroke chronicity.SignificanceHigher interhemispheric asymmetry was found in stroke patients with greatest sensory-motor impairment.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractThe extracellular matrix fragment perlecan domain V is neuroprotective and functionally restorative following experimental stroke. As neurogenesis is an important component of chronic post-stroke repair, and previous studies have implicated perlecan in developmental neurogenesis, we hypothesized that domain V could have a broad therapeutic window by enhancing neurogenesis after stroke. We demonstrated that domain V is chronically increased in the brains of human stroke patients, suggesting that it is present during post-stroke neurogenic periods. Furthermore, perlecan deficient mice had significantly less neuroblas...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Dynamic arterial elastance (Eadyn), the ratio between arterial pulse pressure and stroke volume changes during respiration, has been postulated as an index of the coupling between the left ventricle (LV) and the arterial system. We aimed to confirm this hypothesis using the gold-standard for defining LV contractility, afterload, and evaluating ventricular-arterial (VA) coupling and LV efficiency during different loading and contractile experimental conditions. Twelve Yorkshire healthy female pigs submitted to three consecutive stages with two opposite interventions each: changes in afterload (phenylephrine/nitroprusside), ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Ischemic stroke damages the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which leads to brain edema and increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Proteasome inhibition has been found to protect the BBB against cerebral ischemia by suppressing neuroinflammation-mediated matrix metalloproteases-9 (MMP-9) activation. We recently showed that ginsenoside Rd (Rd), a major active ingredient of Panax ginseng, could suppress proteasome-mediated inflammation and be efficient for treating ischemic stroke but downstream mechanisms were still unidentified. For this purpose, Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to focal cerebral ischemic injury....
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience Source Type: research
Except for treating Covid-19, many hospitals seem to be eerily quiet.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Telemedicine Heart Stroke Hospitals Anxiety and Stress Quarantines Deaths (Fatalities) Source Type: news
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractThe utility of abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) for prediction of cardiovascular events (CVEs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains to be determined. The aim of this prospective study was to determine the predictive value of the abdominal aortic calcification index (ACI), a semi-quantitative measure of AAC, for CVEs in patients with ACS. We evaluated 314 patients with ACS. All patients underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention to the culprit coronary vessel without in-hospital adverse events. ACI was calculated on non-contrast computed tomography images. CVEs were defined as a co...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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