Clinical Characteristics Difference Between the Hypertension Patients With and Without ACEI Treatment When Suffered With 2019-nCoV Infection in China
Condition: 2019-nCoV Intervention: Sponsor: Chongqing Medical University Recruiting
The hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis acts to release cortisol into the blood stream, as cortisol calls the body into action to combat stress. When high amounts of cortisol interact with the hypothalamus, the HPA axis will slow down its activity. The amygdala detects stress, while the prefrontal cortex regulates our reactions to stress. Source: Bezdek K and Telzer E (2017) Have No Fear, the Brain is Here! How Your Brain Responds to Stress. Front. Young Minds. 5:71. doi: 10.3389/frym.2017.00071 _______ [Editor’s note: Continued from yesterday’s Exploring the human brain and how it responds to...
After the outbreak of the coronavirus 2019-nCov (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, the disease rapidly became a global pandemic. Infection rates peaked and began to decline in some Asian countries by March 2020, but Europe and the US are now among the most affected regions. Most COVID-19 infections are characterized by only mild symptoms of fever and cough; however, there is a high risk of severe pulmonary infection and death, in particular for the elderly and populations with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension and cardiopulmonary diseases.
This study delves into the mechanisms by which a short period of fasting can accelerate wound healing. Fasting triggers many of the same cellular stress responses, such as upregulated autophagy, as occur during the practice of calorie restriction. It isn't exactly the same, however, so it is always worth asking whether any specific biochemistry observed in either case does in fact occur in both situations. In particular, the period of refeeding following fasting appears to have beneficial effects that are distinct from those that occur while food is restricted. Multiple forms of therapeutic fasting have been repor...
The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has high fatality rates and imposes increasingly severe social and economic impacts worldwide. Covid-19 patients with cardiovascular disease are at increased risk of death. They are very often treated with drugs targeting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, where angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is of particularly importance. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are standard therapies for high blood pressure and heart failure (HF) and currently prescribed to more than 25 Mio people in Germany alone (approx.
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Conclusion: According to the findings of the present study, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), malignancy, and chronic kidney disease were among the most prevalent underlying diseases among hospitalized COVID-19 patients, respectively. PMID: 32232218 [PubMed]
No abstract available
Nature Reviews Nephrology, Published online: 03 April 2020; doi:10.1038/s41581-020-0279-4The current COVID-19 pandemic is associated with unprecedented morbidity and mortality. Early reports suggested an association between disease severity and hypertension but did not account for sources of confounding. However, the responsible virus — SARS-CoV-2 — gains entry to host cells via angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), highlighting the need to understand the relationship between the virus and the renin–angiotensin system (RAS) and how this might be affected by RAS inhibitors.
CONCLUSIONS: In this depictive study of 85 fatal cases of COVID-19, most cases were male aged over 50 years old with noncommunicable chronic diseases. The majority of the patients died of multiple organ failure. Early onset of shortness of breath may be used as an observational symptom for COVID-19 exacerbations. Eosinophilopenia may indicate a poor prognosis. The combination of anti-microbial drugs did not offer considerable benefit to the outcome of this group of patients. This article is open access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (http://crea...
The American Heart Association advised cardiac patients to avoid medications or supplements that could raise blood pressure. Separately, new reviews explore the latest on the angiotensin connection.