Measuring the dose –width product and proposing the local diagnostic reference level in panoramic dental radiography: a multi-center study from Iran

ConclusionThe local DRL proposed in this study for the adult with standard/medium size was lower than those proposed by other reports and seemed acceptable for panoramic radiography in Kashan, Iran.
Source: Oral Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Carrying a load on the head leads to accelerated degenerative changes, which involve the upper cervical spine more than the lower cervical spine and predisposes it to injury at a lower threshold. Thus, alternative methods of carrying loads should be proposed. PMID: 32213796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Authors: Kaliya-Perumal AK, Soh TLT, Tan M, Oh JY Abstract Study Design: Retrospective radiological analysis. Purpose: To analyze the factors influencing early disc height loss following lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). Overview of Literature: Postoperative disc height loss can occur naturally as a result of mechanical loading. This phenomenon is enabled by the yielding of the polyaxial screw heads and settling of the cage to the endplates. When coupled with cage subsidence, there can be significant reduction in the foraminal space which ultimately compromises the indirect decompression achieved by L...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Purpose of review Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play important roles in diagnosis, monitoring, and prognostication of rheumatoid arthritis. This review highlights recent literature in this field and aims to provide insight into the future use in clinical practice. Recent findings Recent studies concerning the use of MSUS and MRI in clinical practice show how MSUS and MRI can improve diagnosis and monitoring of rheumatoid arthritis and how they can predict both radiographic progression and clinical outcome (e.g., successful tapering of medical treatment). Moreover, novel te...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: Edited by Joshua F. Baker Source Type: research
The aim of this case series study is to describe the orthopedic management of bladder exstrophy and to report on the intermediate-term outcomes following bilateral horizontal Salter osteotomies with anterior symphyseal closure using a nylon tape. This retrospective study included seven patients (five boys and two girls) who underwent bilateral horizontal osteotomies after reconstruction of the urogenital deformity using the Cantwell–Ransley technique and symphyseal closure by nylon tape number 2–5. the age range was between 7 months and 8 years (median age = 17 months). Three patients had recurren...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Pelvis & Hip Source Type: research
This study included 88 infants (98hips) treated for DDH. Radiography was simultaneously used for treatment and follow-up evaluation in addition to ultrasonography after six months of age. A retrospective evaluation was made of the ultrasonographs and radiographs of these infants. Of the total 98 hips, 28 were normal both ultrasonographically and radiographically, and a pathologic hip was demonstrated in 32 hips both sonographically and radiographically. Hip ultrasonography showed abnormal development in 32 hips, while radiography showed abnormal development in 70 hips. In 38 hips, the findings were normal according to ultr...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Pelvis & Hip Source Type: research
Shelf acetabuloplasty continues to be effective in the prevention or delay of osteoarthritis in adolescent dysplastic hips. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and to determine the correct level of the bone graft objectively. We retrospectively analyzed 16 hips underwent Shelf acetabuloplasty originated by Spitzy. The mean age at surgery was 15.3 years old with the mean caput index at 39.7%. The average follow-up was 11 years. The radiological evaluation was based on acetabular-head index (AHI) at preoperative and latest radiographs, acetabular-Shelf distance (ASD) and Shelf-head ratio at immediate postoperative and latest r...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Pelvis & Hip Source Type: research
Overcoverage of the femoral head by the acetabulum, increased acetabular depth and retroversion have been associated with the etiology of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). However, limited evidence exists about the impact of the acetabular morphology on the development of a contralateral slip following an initial presentation of unilateral SCFE. We aimed to investigate whether acetabular overcoverage as assessed by an increased lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) and low Tönnis angle, increased acetabular depth assessed by the acetabular depth-width ratio (ADR) and the presence of coxa profunda; and acetabular re...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Pelvis & Hip Source Type: research
A 36-year-old healthy male presented to the emergency department (ED) after an unwitnessed fall while intoxicated complaining of severe right-sided shoulder pain. Initial plain radiography of the chest and right shoulder was negative. After observation in the ED he continued to have unrelenting pain to the right shoulder and chest. Physical examination revealed maximum point tenderness over the medial clavicle and sternoclavicular joint (SCJ); however, no soft tissue defect or vascular compromise was noted.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Visual Diagnosis in Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
This study ’s objective was to analyze the demographics, presentation, and outcomes of patients with a radiographic diagnosis of PUAA.∗
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 26 March 2020Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): Esameldeen Babikir, Adel Al-Mallah, Mahdi Al-Sehlawi, N. Tamam, Abdelmoneim Sulieman
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
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