Drug-in-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin-in-lipoid S100/cholesterol liposomes: effect of the characteristics of essential oil components on their encapsulation and release

In this study, we examined the effect of chemical structure, octanol/water partition coefficient (log P), and Henry’s law constant (Hc) on the encapsulation and the release of monoterpenes (eucalyptol, pulegone, terpineol, and thymol) and phenylpropenes (estragole and isoeugenol) from DCLs. Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin/EO component (HP-β-CD/EO component) inclusion complexes were prepared in aqueous solution and loaded into liposomes by the ethanol injection method. The phospholipid:cholesterol:EO component molar ratio determined for DCL structures was affected by characteristics of EO components. The presence of a propenyl tail or a hydroxyl group in the structure of EO component may improve its loading into DCLs. Furthermore, low encapsulation efficiency (EE) was obtained for DCLs exhibiting high cholesterol membrane content. In addition, a positive linear relationship was found between the loading ratio of monoterpenes into DCLs and their hydrophobic character expressed as log P. The release of components from DCLs was influenced by their EE into the formulations. Finally, DCL formulations retain considerable amounts of EO components after 10 months.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Authors: Liu Y, Zeng Z, Yu X, Li T, Yao Y, Chen R, Zheng J Abstract The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of lipoprotein(a) level on long-range prognosis after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in patients with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal attainment. In this retrospective study, 350 patients in Coronary artery disease (CAD) with LDL-C less than 1.8 mmol/L were enrolled in the Guangdong Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases from January 2011 to December 2013. Follow-up was 1 year after PCI. According to the median value of the study population based on Lp(a), the patients ...
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