Eyelid and Orbital Involvement in HIV Infection - An African Perspective.

Eyelid and Orbital Involvement in HIV Infection - An African Perspective. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2020 Feb 14;:1-9 Authors: Meyer D, Smit DP Abstract Both infective and neoplastic eyelid and orbital conditions in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients are often the result of opportunistic or co-infections (OI). In most cases, these clinical findings in younger patients alert the physician to suspected underlying HIV infection. When the eyelids and periorbital skin are primarily involved in OI with varicella-zoster virus it is called Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus. Co-infection with a Pox virus manifests as molluscum contagiosum eruptions. Orbital cellulitis is secondary to various organisms (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Candida albicans, Aspergillus). Neoplastic disorders are also often associated with OI such as human herpes virus 8 in Kaposi Sarcoma, Epstein-Barr virus in Hodgkin Lymphoma and human papillomavirus 16 and 18 in squamous cell carcinoma. In this review we share our personal clinical experience with HIV disease in Sub-Saharan Africa over more than two decades and provide photographs of cases to illustrate pertinent aspects of the conditions discussed. PMID: 32058857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Stanley Weng, Renzo G. DiNatale, Andrew Silagy, Roy Mano, Kyrollis Attalla, Mahyar Kashani, Kate Weiss, Nicole E. Benfante, Andrew G. Winer, Jonathan A. Coleman, Victor E. Reuter, Paul Russo, Ed Reznik, Satish K. Tickoo, A. Ari Hakimi
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Vipul Patel, Tilottama Majumdar, Isha Samreen, Harpreet Grewal, Thomas Kaleekal
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Peng C, Cohen DJ Abstract INTRODUCTION: Esophageal squamous cancer remains an important cause of mortality worldwide with two new immunotherapy drugs recently approved for metastatic disease. AREAS COVERED: The authors review the epidemiology and genomics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. They also examine prior trials involving targeted agents under investigation as well immunotherapies that have been approved and novel combinations. EXPERT OPINION: Great advances have been made in characterizing the molecular changes in esophageal carcinoma. However, relatively few drugs have shown benefit i...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
This article summarizes the rationale for, and development of CDK inhibitors in melanoma, with their evolution from pan-CDK inhibitors to highly specific agents, throughout clinical trials and finally their potential future use. EXPERT OPINION: Whilst CDK inhibitors have been practice changing in breast cancer management, their efficacy is yet to be proven in melanoma. Combination with BRAF/MEK inhibitors has been hindered by dose-limiting toxicities, but their role may yet to be found within the spectrum of biomarker-derived personalized melanoma management. The effect that CDK inhibitors can have as an adjunct to imm...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
Abstract The main aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of an air membrane bioreactor (aMBR) for the treatment of gas-phase methanol. A laboratory-scale hollow fiber aMBR was operated for 150 days, at inlet methanol concentrations varying between 2 and 30 g m-3 and at empty bed residence times (EBRT) of 30, 10 and 5 s. Under steady-state conditions, a maximum methanol removal efficiency (RE) of 98% was obtained at an EBRT of 30 s and a decrease in RE of methanol was observed at lower EBRTs. On increasing the inlet loading rate, some portion of gas-phase MeOH was stripped into the li...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Borislav A. Alexiev, Farres Obeidin, Daniel N. Johnson, Brian S. Finkelman, Rebecca Prince, Shaan N. Somani, Esther Cheng, Sandeep Samant
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Lee JY, Kim HJ, Kwon E, Choi JY, Oh HJ, Kim JS PMID: 33029984 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
ConclusionWe consider that this technique is useful, however, we have to exercise care in malignant cases as the true-positive rate may be low.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionThe more invasive approach does not correlate to a better outcome. In selected cases, DR is an oncologically safe technique; EBR is still a valid option to treat advanced oral cancers
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe expression level of MALAT1 is closely related with progression of tongue SCC. Furthermore, MALAT1 can serve as an independent biomarker for prognostic evaluation of tongue SCC.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Allergy & Immunology | Aspergillus | Cancer & Oncology | Candida | Carcinoma | Cellulitis | Genital Warts | Herpes | Hodgkin's Disease | Human Papillomavirus (HPV) | Lymphoma | Molluscum Contagiosum | Opthalmology | Sarcomas | Skin | Skin Cancer | Squamous Cell Carcinoma | Tuberculosis