Bidirectional longitudinal associations of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid plasma levels with depressive disorders

Publication date: Available online 16 February 2020Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Carisha S. Thesing, Mariska Bot, Yuri Milaneschi, Erik J. Giltay, Brenda W.J.H. PenninxAbstractBackgroundTemporality of the association of low omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) plasma levels with depression remains questionable. To determine the underlying nature of these associations, this study examined the bidirectional longitudinal associations of n-3 PUFA plasma levels with (presence, onset and course of) depressive disorders and symptoms.MethodsBaseline (n = 2912, 28.6% with current depressive disorder) and 6-year follow-up data (n = 1966, 13.0% with current depressive disorder) of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were used. Depression diagnoses and symptoms were based on psychiatric interviews and self-report questionnaires. N-3 PUFA levels (ratio of total fatty acids (mmol%)), were assessed using nuclear magnetic resonance.ResultsUsing two waves of data, n-3 PUFA levels were lower among depressed persons, as compared to healthy controls (Beta = −0.047, SE = 0.011, p 
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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In this study, we evaluated 198 patients (infertile group: 130, control group: 68). Patients that fit the inclusion criteria were informed about the aim and method of the study and filled out sociodemographic data collection form, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), The Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS), and Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI) questionnaires. RESULTS: The mean scores for SSAS, HAI, BAI, and BDI were significantly higher in the infertility group compared to the control group (p
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These data provide evidence for biologic depression risk in patients with lung cancer who have high levels of TMB. The underlying mechanism of the association is not clearly related to inflammation but warrants further analysis to broadly elucidate the mechanism of biologically derived depression in cancer. PMID: 32259781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network : JNCCN - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Natl Compr Canc Netw Source Type: research
Authors: Whittle HJ, Wolfe WR, Sheira LA, Frongillo EA, Palar K, Merenstein D, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Cohen MH, Wentz EL, Tien PC, Weiser SD Abstract AIMS: Psychotropic prescription rates continue to increase in the United States (USA). Few studies have investigated whether social-structural factors may play a role in psychotropic medication use independent of mental illness. Food insecurity is prevalent among people living with HIV in the USA and has been associated with poor mental health. We investigated whether food insecurity was associated with psychotropic medication use independent of the symptoms of depre...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These results provide novel preliminary evidence suggesting amygdala-based brain network measures to cross-sectionally explain symptom variance and longitudinally correlate with grief symptom trajectories in grievers. Amygdala brain network function measures may have the potential to serve as biomarkers of CG. PMID: 32253102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
A regular workout was shown to ease depression and lift moods.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Exercise Mental Health and Disorders Anxiety and Stress Happiness Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Source Type: news
This study aimed to evaluate the anxiety, depression and quality of life scores of children and adolescents diagnosed with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and compare these scores with the ones of healthy controls. The study group comprised of 130 children and adolescents diagnosed with FMF with a mean age of 12.6  ± 2.58 and control group comprised of 121 healthy controls with a mean age of 11.8 ± 2.84. Both groups were evaluated with child depression inventory (CDI), screen for child anxiety related emotional disorders (SCARED), pediatric quality of life inventory TM 4.0 (Peds...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe prevalence and impact of medical comorbidity on PROs are very high in patients with PsA.
Source: Rheumatology and Therapy - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
In this study we aimed to focus on the association between CSU and anxiety and depression, using an optimized matched controlled design. A nationwide matched control study was conducted using the Clalit Health Services (CHS) database. The study included 12,539 CSU patients and 60,510 age and sex matched controls. Three multiple logistic regression models were conducted to assess the association between CSU and anxiety and depression, while adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES), diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and smoking status. A higher frequency of anxiety and depression was found in CSU patients compared t...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
AbstractPatient-reported outcome (PRO) measures play an important role in clinical care. Currently, a broad-spectrum, validated PRO measure suitable for all dermatology patients, as part of clinical care, does not exist. Patient-reported Outcome Measures Information System (PROMIS) measures track specific domain outcomes across all diseases. To assess the relevance and utility of a computer-adaptive health assessment consisting of three PROMIS domains in routine dermatologic care. This retrospective study evaluated a PROMIS health assessment, consisting of three computer-adaptive test domains (pain interference, anxiety, a...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
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