The Role of Social Networks on Depressive Symptoms: A Comparison of Older Koreans in Three Geographic Areas.

The Role of Social Networks on Depressive Symptoms: A Comparison of Older Koreans in Three Geographic Areas. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2020 Feb 14;:91415020905553 Authors: Park NS, Jang Y, Chiriboga DA, Chung S Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of depressive symptoms among older Korean adults in three geographic locations with varying densities of the Korean population: mainland Korea (mostly Koreans), New York metropolitan area (high Korean density), and west central Florida (low Korean density). The study focused on the role of family and friend networks. Data were drawn from three sources: (1) a multistage national sample of Koreans in South Korea (n = 403); (2) a survey conducted in the western/central Florida area that used a variety of culturally sensitive sampling strategies (n = 672); and (3) a survey in the New York metropolitan area (n = 420) that replicated the Florida study. For those living in Korea, living alone and lower perceived financial status were independently associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. For the New York and Florida samples, fair or poor self-rating of health, lower levels of acculturation, and weaker ties with family were related to higher levels of depressive symptoms. Similar to the older Korean sample, lower perceived financial status was linked with greater depressive symptoms in the New York sample. The overall results suggest that it is important to consider the interplay of t...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 April 2020Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Scott Harcourt
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Authors: Annette S, Stephan G, Mueser KT, Martin H, Elisabeth R, Ulrich G, Marketa C, Rolf E, Hans-Jürgen M, Peter F Abstract Neuropsychological functioning turns out to be a rate-limiting factor in psychiatry. However, little is known when comparing neuropsychological and psychosocial functioning in inpatients with schizophrenia or severe depression in their treatment pathways including add-on psychoeducation or the latter combined with cognitive behavioral therapy up to 2-year follow-up. To evaluate this question, we investigated these variables in two randomised controlled trials including 196 patients with...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to assess the possible association between affective temperaments and GH.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on women with GH hospitalized in hospitals affiliated with Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, compared with healthy women admitted for normal delivery in the same centers during the study. Data were collected via Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A) and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) 21.Results: TEMPS-A revealed that scores anxious (P
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For millions of Americans, these are challenging times. For some insight into resilience from a generation that survived a depression and world war, Turner Classic Movies host Ben Mankiewicz turns to funnymen Mel Brooks and Carl Reiner. Via cyberchat, the two comedy writers, who first met in the 1950s ("Call it laugh at first sight"), talk about enduring World War II and coming out on top. Mankiewicz also talks with "Star Trek" actor and activist George Takei (who as a child was detained in a Japanese-American internment camp in the 1940s) about what Americans look for when facing an uncertain future.
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CONCLUSIONS: In EUA, physical and mood disorders are associated with new and old inflammatory serological, clinical and imaging biomarkers. HLA-DRB1*11-positivity may be protective against these disease-related features. PMID: 32242813 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Authors: Garner MS, Kunkel DE Abstract Mental illness is a complex personal and social problem. In the African American community, cultural and ethnic stigma concerning mental illness often discourages this population from seeking the help they need. African Americans are more likely to rely on religious coping strategies such as prayer and/or informal trusted community social supports such as a senior pastor, members of a ministerial team who provide pastoral care in their churches, family members, and a limited number of friends. Implementation of a unique church-based initiative for depression/suicidality screen...
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Authors: Pratt BA, Longo J, Gordon SC, Jones NA Abstract Women with perinatal depression have an increased risk for breastfeeding cessation, yet few studies have explored their lived experience. In this qualitative study, semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposeful sample of women (N = 10) who self-reported perinatal depression. Using Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological method of data analysis, five components were found to embody their lived experience of breastfeeding: (a) choosing selflessness, (b) harboring inadequacy, (c) deliberate persevering, (d) discerning meaning, and (e) ch...
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Authors: Govind N PMID: 32243197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
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