Lymphadenopathy in POEMS syndrome: a correlation between clinical features and imaging findings.
This study aimed to analyse the features of lymphadenopathy and estimate the role of imaging methods, including computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography-CT (PET/CT), in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy in patients with POEMS syndrome. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 23 patients with confirmed POEMS syndrome. All of the patients received chest and abdominal CT scan and/or superficial ultrasound examinations. Four patients underwent PET/CT examinations, and 6 patients received lymph node biopsies. Enlarged lymph nodes (short diameter ≥ 1 cm) were found in 48% (11/23) of patients, but only 1 patient had an enlarged lymph node with a diameter ≥ 2 cm. Lymph nodes with CD-like pathologic changes from 2 patients showed increased maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax) of 18F-deoxyglucose (18FDG) on PET/CT, while lymph nodes with reactive pathologic changes from 2 other patients showed a normal metabolic PET/CT profile. The extent of lymph node enlargement in patients with POEMS was less than that in patients with CD per se. We draw the conclusion that most of the enlarged lymph nodes had diameters ≤ 2 cm, which is less than that in cases of CD per se and PET/CT may be helpful in determining whether enlarged lymph nodes are characterized by CD-like changes or not. PMID: 32055268 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: Penetrating trauma in children and adolescents is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. There are similarities with the management of these injuries in adults, but further work is required to ensure that paediatric management algorithms are evidence based. PMID: 32243113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionCholangiocarcinoma arising from BP is a proper indication for hepatopancreatoduodenectomy. The long-term oncologic benefits might outweigh the possible perioperative complications.5,6
CONCLUSION: This case highlights the utility of LT as a viable treatment option for acute sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis. PMID: 32231764 [PubMed]
Conclusion The RRI, a sub-clinical renal parameter is an atherosclerotic marker in patients without renal impairment. PMID: 32238661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Diagnostic Imaging's Week in Review, April 3, 2020.
Hepatic cirrhosis is a potential severe complication of chronic heart failure and has major implications on treatment options. In general, patients with cirrhosis are considered ineligible for isolated cardiac transplantation. Therefore, proper diagnosis of cirrhosis is paramount. The aim of this retrospective study is to explore the diagnostic value of abdominal ultrasound, hepatosplenic scan and abdominal computed tomography scan (CT scan) for liver disease secondary to advanced heart failure.
SummaryTumour thrombus is a complication that occurs when a malignancy invades into the vasculature, occluding its lumen. Here, we present a rare case of melanoma tumour thrombus of the great saphenous vein of the left thigh, which was diagnosed on18F ‐fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography and ultrasound‐guided biopsy, and responded well to immunotherapy with pembrolizumab.
Purpose of review Giant cell arteritis (GCA) has classically been diagnosed by temporal artery biopsy and treated with high-dose, long-term glucocorticoid therapy. Noninvasive imaging increasingly is employed for diagnostic purposes, but further studies are needed to determine the role of imaging in monitoring longitudinal disease activity. Glucocorticoid-sparing therapy mitigates the numerous adverse effects of glucocorticoids. This review addresses new developments in these areas. Recent findings For diagnosis, when performed at a center with expertise in its use, temporal artery ultrasound has an estimated sensitiv...
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review discusses imaging modalities for fracture repair assessment, with an emphasis on pragmatic clinical and translational use, best practices for implementation, and challenges and opportunities for continuing research.Recent FindingsSemiquantitative radiographic union scoring remains the clinical gold standard, but has questionable reliability as a surrogate indicator of structural bone healing, particularly in early-stage, complex, or compromised healing scenarios. Alternatively, computed tomography (CT) scanning enables quantitative assessment of callus morphometry and mechanics through ...
Authors: Goh Y, Ting E, Kapur J, Dewi M, Sinha AK, Sharma VK Abstract This case report demonstrates the potential of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnosing active arterial wall inflammation in a symptomatic patient with Takayasu arteritis (TA). To our knowledge, this is the first case which demonstrates pictorial correlation of arterial wall neovascularity on CEUS with mural edema on magnetic resonance imaging and metabolic activity on positron emission tomography - computed tomography in the same patient. As TA is a chronic disease which requires long-term follow-up, CEUS could be th...