The association of delay in curative intent treatment with survival among breast cancer patients: findings from the Women ’s Health Initiative

ConclusionsA delay to a single treatment modality and delay to a greater extent an accumulation of delays were associated with higher BCSM and ACM after BC. Timely care throughout the continuum of breast cancer treatment is important for optimal outcomes.
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Chemotherapy for breast cancer negatively impacts a woman ’s fertility after treatment — especially women with a cancer-causing BRCA mutation.
Source: Yale Science and Health News - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Background: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4), a cell surface protein, exhibits a crucial role in tumor biology and regulation of the immune system. We aim to study the impact of DPP4 inhibitors (DPP4i) in patients with prostate cancer (PRC), pancreatic cancer (PC) and breast cancer (BC).Methods: Using the SEER and Medicare linked database, we identified patients with PRC or PC or BC with coexisting type II diabetes mellitus between 2007 and 2015. Patients were classified into four groups: (1) not on either DPP4i or metformin (reference group), this group included patient that were on anti-diabetic agents other than metformin ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Metabolic reprogramming is an emerging hallmark of cancer cells, in which cancer cells exhibit distinct metabolic phenotypes to fuel their proliferation and progression. The significant advancements made in the area of metabolic reprogramming make possible new strategies for overcoming malignant cancer, including triple-negative breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is associated with high histologic grade, aggressive phenotype, and poor prognosis. Even though triple-negative breast cancer patients benefit from standard chemotherapy, they still face high recurrence rates and are more likely to develop resista...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 31 March 2020; doi:10.1038/s41416-020-0816-8Dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy in early breast cancer patients: 15-year results of the Phase 3 Mammella InterGruppo (MIG)-1 study
Source: British Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, BRCA1 promoter hypermethylation is associated with TNBC sensitivity to adjuvant chemotherapy, basal-like features and PD-L1 expression. BRCA1 IHC expression is not a good surrogate marker for promoter hypermethylation and is not independently associated with prognosis. Association between promoter hypermethylation and sensitivity to Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase PARP inhibitors needs to be evaluated in a specific series of patients.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang L, Li Z, Zhang J, Wu Y, Zhu Y, Tong Z Abstract The purpose of the present study was to analyze the clinical and pathological characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of de novo metastatic breast cancer (DnMBC). Information regarding 1,890 patients treated for advanced breast cancer at the Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital between January 2008 to December 2017 was collected. Clinicopathological characteristics, treatments and outcomes of these patients were compared using the chi-square test, log-rank test, and Cox regression analysis. A total of 171 patients were diagnosed with DnMBC. The m...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Nakazawa Y, Nakazawa S, Kurozumi S, Ogino M, Koibuchi Y, Odawara H, Oyama T, Horiguchi J, Fujii T, Shirabe K Abstract Biomarkers that can accurately predict treatment response are required for indicating optimal neoadjuvant treatments. The current study assessed the predictive value of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) mRNA expression for the response to neoadjuvant nab-paclitaxel (nab-PTX) therapy in patients with breast cancer. It was hypothesized that SPARC expression can affect the response to albumin-bound taxanes, including nab-PTX since SPARC binds albumin with a high affinity. Pr...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Conclusions: AZD8186 has single agent efficacy in PTEN-deficient TNBC cell lines in vitro, but has limited single agent efficacy in vivo. However, AZD8186 has enhanced efficacy when combined with paclitaxel and anti-PD1 in vivo. Further study is needed to determine optimal combination therapies for PTEN-deficient solid tumors. PMID: 32215185 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang P, Tao H, Yu L, Zhou L, Zhu C Abstract Injectable implants with the ability to form in situ are one of the most promising carriers for the delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs to tumor sites. We have reported a novel injectable in situ-forming implant system composed of n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA), ethyl oleate, along with the sol-gel phase transition. The chemotherapeutic drug-loaded injectable NBCA ethyl oleate implant (INEI) exhibited excellent therapeutic efficacy for local chemotherapy. Herein, we utilize this INEI to carry N, N'-(Sulfonyldi-4,1-phenylene)bis(2-chloroacetamide) (TE-C-5003), whi...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
The efficacy and safety of lapatinib plus capecitabine (LC or LX) versus trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with HER-positive metastatic breast cancer who are resistant to trastuzumab is unknown.
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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