The acromion in supraspinatus outlet and Rockwood caudal tilt views from three-dimensional computed tomography scan of the shoulder

Publication date: April 2020Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology, Volume 20Author(s): Adinun Apivatgaroon, Suthee Tharakulphan, Pinkawas Kongmalai, Bancha ChernchujitAbstractBackgroundA hooked acromion on an outlet view and a keeled acromion on Rockwood tilt radiographs are associated with rotator cuff tears. The identification of the acromial morphology may be helpful for acromioplasty planning with regarding the acromial types.MethodsDescriptive Laboratory Study. Three-dimensional computed tomography scans models of 108 shoulders in 91 patients with; (1) Normal shoulders, (2) Shoulders with osteoarthritis, and (3) Irreparable rotator cuff tears; were created and adjusted manually to provide the proper supraspinatus outlet and Rockwood views. The acromial morphology/spurs were analyzed, classified and tested for reliability.ResultsThe intra-observer reliability of supraspinatus outlet view had a weak-to-strong agreement [0.828 (95%CI: 0.716–0.945, p-value
Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Knee Pain;   Chronic Osteoarthritis;   Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Condyle;   Moderate Varus, Valgus or Flexion Deformities;   Rheumatoid Arthritis Interventions:   Procedure: Device: Persona Total Knee;   Procedure: Device: NexGen Total Knee;   Procedure: Device: Vanguard Total Knee Sponsor:   Zimmer Biomet Not yet recruiting
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Authors: Li F, Wu C, Sun H, Zhou Q Abstract AIMS: To study the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections on pain reduction in patients with temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA). METHODS: The authors performed a comprehensive search of the MEDLINE, PubMed, and Web of Science databases to retrieve RCTs published up to July 2018. Pain outcomes (visual analog scale scores) were extracted to assess the effect of PRP injections on TMJ OA. All data analyses were conducted using RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: Six studies were included. According to the results of these trials, intra-articular injections of P...
Source: Journal of Orofacial Pain - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Oral Facial Pain Headache Source Type: research
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(Harvard University) Scientists have identified the genetic switches regulating knee development in mouse and human, explored their evolution, probed their links to bipedalism and osteoarthritis, and confirmed that a mutation in one switch gives rise to the disease. The findings could lead to screening for subtle shape alterations and genetic variations earlier in life that might predispose a person to risk. The methods could be used to explore genetic links between any advantageous trait and potential pathology.
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