Tramadol/Diclofenac Fixed-Dose Combination: A Review of Its Use in Severe Acute Pain

AbstractPain is a health issue affecting all populations, regardless of age, gender, economic status, race, or geography. Acute pain is the most common type of pain, with a complex aetiology. Inadequately managed acute pain adversely affects quality of life and imposes significant economic burden. The majority of the available pain-relieving drugs have monomodal mechanisms of analgesia, which necessitates combining drugs with non-redundant mechanisms of action in order to provide adequate pain relief and reduce the side effects from higher doses of individual drugs. In this regard, combining an oral opioid (such as codeine or tramadol) and a non-opioid (such as paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) offers a plausible option. Tramadol/diclofenac fixed-dose combination (FDC) is one such analgesic combination which has demonstrated promising clinical activity via its multimodal mechanisms of action. This review seeks to provide an up-to-date narrative on the current scientific literature regarding the pharmacological properties, clinical efficacy, and tolerability of tramadol/diclofenac FDC in the treatment of acute severe pain. A comprehensive, qualitative review of the literature was conducted using a structured search strategy in Medline/PubMed and additional Internet-based sources to identify relevant studies. Based on the available scientific literature, evidence of the efficacy and safety of tramadol/diclofenac FDC for treatment of patients with acute severe...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms occur frequently. The burden of complaints and diagnoses is comparable to previous population-based surveys. PMID: 32189044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Most patients showed improved activity levels. Satisfaction levels were higher in young males with large femoral head size. Patients with a higher preoperative work level are expected to have a higher return to work rate. PMID: 32157914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hip International - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Hip Int Source Type: research
Several reports in the literature have identified an association between cortisol levels and the presence of chronic pain in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, low back pain or whiplash. In contrast, few have examined the association of cortisol and pain in people with osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this systematic review was to verify the association between cortisol and pain in the OA population.
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
The study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes and surgery survivorship for over 10 years following patellar resurfacing or nonresurfacing in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a cohort of Chinese patients. From 1998 to 2003, 355 patients underwent primary TKA in our institute. The survivorship of TKA between the patellar resurfacing and nonresurfacing groups and the clinical outcome of Hospital for Special Surgery knee score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities index score, patellar score, patellar related complications, and radiological results were studied at latest follow-up. There was no statistically signific...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis is a comprehensive literature review of the available evidence and techniques of foot injections for chronic pain conditions. It briefly describes common foot chronic pain syndromes and then reviews available injection techniques for each of these syndromes, weighing the available evidence and comparing the available approaches.Recent FindingsFoot and ankle pain affects 20% of the population over 50 and significantly impairs mobility and ability to participate in activities of daily living (ADLs), as well as increases fall risk. It is commonly treated with costly surgery, at times with questio...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Rheumatoid Arthritis - Hand Joint;   Osteoarthritis Hand;   Pain;   Mobility Limitation;   Stiffness of Hand, Not Elsewhere Classified Interventions:   Other: Smartphone Application;   Other: Conventional treatment Sponsors:   University of Seville;   Fundación Pública Andaluza Progreso y Salud Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Background: Arthritis can have profound debilitating effects on the hand secondary to finger deformities and pain. Arthroplasty of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) can be performed to reduce pain while maintaining joint range of motion. Methods: We used outpatient surgery registries from the states of California and Florida to assess the trends of arthroplasty across several recent years and to determine if the outcomes differ based on disease etiology. Results: We found that there has been a steady decline in number of MCP arthroplasty procedures performed annually between...
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol Source Type: research
iz ML Abstract Joint conditions pose an important public health problem as they are a leading cause of pain, functional limitation and physical disability. Oxidative stress is related to the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases affecting the joints such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Cells have developed adaptive protection mechanisms to maintain homeostasis such as nuclear factor erythroid 2 (NF-E2)-related transcription factor (Nrf2) which regulates the transcription of many genes involved in redox balance, detoxification, metabolism and inflammation. Activation of Nrf2 results in the synthesis of ...
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Free Radic Biol Med Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundRheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that has a great impact on different joints, may result in their destruction and loss of function. Although the shoulder is affected in a large portion of patients with RA, it does not receive much attention during the follow up of RA. The precise diagnosis of shoulder pain in RA is a clinical challenge and benefits from a reliable imaging modality to detect its exact origin.AimTo determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound (US) in detecting shoulder joint pathologies in RA, considering magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the gold standard.Mat...
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Pincus T, Castrejon I, Yazici Y, Gibson KA, Bergman MJ, Block JA Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) may be associated with substantial work disability, morbidity, costs, and increased mortality rates, often similar to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), documented in many published reports over the last 4 decades. However, OA generally has been viewed as less severe than RA. This discrepancy may be explained in part by:a) RA may have been considerably more severe in the past, prior to effective therapies.b) most older individuals have radiographic joint damage, which often is not associated with clinical symptoms.c) RA i...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
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