The association between dietary quality indices and serum telomerase activity in patient candidates for CABG.

The association between dietary quality indices and serum telomerase activity in patient candidates for CABG. Eat Weight Disord. 2020 Feb 13;: Authors: Farhangi MA, Najafi M Abstract BACKGROUND: Diet and dietary habits are major determinants of human telomere length. Telomerase activity is affected mostly by oxidative stress and inflammation. However, the association of telomerase activity with dietary quality indices has not been evaluated before. In the current work, we aimed to test the association of telomerase activity with dietary antioxidant quality score (DAQ), dietary inflammatory index and dietary patterns in patients who were candidate for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the current cross-sectional study, 454 candidates for the CABG were enrolled from Tehran Heart Center-Coronary Outcome Measurement (THC-COM) cohort. Laboratory measurements included Hb-A1C, serum lipid profile, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, hematocrit, lipoprotein (LP)-a, telomerase activity, serum vitamin D and C-reactive protein. Dietary status was measured by semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, and dietary indices were calculated. Dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis method. RESULTS: High telomerase activity was associated with lower prevalence of myocardial infarction (MI) (P = 0.04), high dietary vitamin E and high total dietary antioxidant quality scores. Telomerase activity in ...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research

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Authors: Aung AT, Chan SP, Kyaing TT, Lee CH Abstract Introduction: Compared to clinic blood pressure (BP), sleep-time BP and non-dipping BP pattern are better predictors of target organ damage and cardiovascular sequalae.Aim: In a retrospective study, we determined whether diabetes mellitus (DM) status is associated with high sleep-time BP and non-dipping pattern.Methods: We analyzed 1092 patients who underwent ambulatory BP monitoring between 2015 and 2017 in a tertiary cardiology institution. During a 24-hour period, BP was automatically measured every 15 minutes between 7:00 AM and 11:59 PM and every 30&nb...
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
ConclusionThere was no significant difference in the incidence of MACCE between off-pump and on-pump CABG group at 1  year.
Source: Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsMICS CABG is feasible and showed good mid-term outcomes. BITAs can be harvested with this approach; thus, allowing for various graft designs. We recommend this as a useful option for coronary revascularization in selected cases.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: To compare two groups of patients - the coronary endarterectomy group, with patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with coronary endarterectomy (CE), and the control group, with patients undergoing CABG without CE. We analyzed the rate of major outcomes (perioperative acute myocardial infarction [AMI], stroke, and mortality) and minor outcomes (time of cardiopulmonary bypass [CPB], time of aortic clamp, and postoperative length of hospital stay). We also determined the rates of early graft patency in patients undergoing CE. Methods: We reviewed a database of patients submitted to CAB...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common and serious illness in the world and has been researched for many years. However, there are still no real effective ways to prevent and save patients with this disease. When patients present with myocardial infarction, the most important step is to recover ischemic prefusion, which usually is accomplished by coronary artery bypass surgery, coronary artery intervention (PCI), or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). These are invasive procedures, and patients with extensive lesions cannot tolerate surgery. It is, therefore, extremely urgent to search for a ...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
It is well acknowledged that patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) treated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) have improved prognosis [1,2]. However, the peculiar clinical and anatomical characteristics of these patients, as well as the sequelae of the surgical intervention itself, may condition future therapeutic interventions and, possibly, clinical outcomes.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Conditions:   Heart Attack;   Cardioplegia Solution Adverse Reaction;   Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) Interventions:   Other: Myocardial protection system (MPS);   Other: Cardioplexol Sponsor:   University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract BACKGROUND: The transradial approach is reportedly associated with reduced bleeding complications and mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). It is unknown whether the clinical benefits of transradial vs. transfemoral PCI differ between high bleeding risk (HBR) and non-HBR patients.Methods and Results:After excluding patients with acute myocardial infarction, dialysis, and a transbrachial approach from the 13,087 patients undergoing first PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto Registry Cohort-2, 6,828 patients were eligible for this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to bleeding ri...
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Nathaniel R. Smilowitz, Carlos L. Alviar, Stuart D. Katz, Judith S. Hochman
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to determine whether patients with an active cannabis use disorder have an elevated risk of postoperative complications.Methods The authors conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study of patients undergoing elective surgery in the United States using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2006 to 2015. A sample of 4,186,622 inpatients 18 to 65 yr of age presenting for 1 of 11 elective surgeries including total knee replacement, total hip replacement, coronary artery bypass graft, caesarian section, cholecystectomy, colectomy, hysterectomy, breast surgery, hernia repair, lami...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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