Trends in Incidence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Youths - Selected Counties and Indian Reservations, United States, 2002-2015.

Trends in Incidence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Youths - Selected Counties and Indian Reservations, United States, 2002-2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 Feb 14;69(6):161-165 Authors: Divers J, Mayer-Davis EJ, Lawrence JM, Isom S, Dabelea D, Dolan L, Imperatore G, Marcovina S, Pettitt DJ, Pihoker C, Hamman RF, Saydah S, Wagenknecht LE Abstract Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases among persons aged
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

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Abstract Aims: To determine the utility of corneal confocal microscopy and tear neuromediator analysis in the diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) as a result of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Methods: ´╗┐Seventy individuals with either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes (T1D/T2D) underwent corneal confocal microscopy to assess the corneal nerve morphology. The concentration of substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in tears was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Motor excitability studies were conducted on the median nerve to assess axonal ion channel function. Based on total ...
Source: Current Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Curr Eye Res Source Type: research
A Novel TNF-α Converting Enzyme (TACE) Selective Inhibitor JTP-96193 Prevents Insulin Resistance in KK-Ay Type 2 Diabetic Mice and Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 1 Diabetic Mice. Biol Pharm Bull. 2019;42(11):1906-1912 Authors: Maekawa M, Tadaki H, Tomimoto D, Okuma C, Sano R, Ishii Y, Katsuda Y, Yoshiuchi H, Kakefuda R, Ohta T, Sasase T Abstract Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) converting enzyme/a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 17 (TACE/ADAM17) is a key sheddase that releases TNF-α from its inactive precursor and is thought as a new drug targ...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the changes that occur in the concentrations of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in tears as a result of corneal denervation and its association with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). METHODS: Sixty-three individuals with type 1 diabetes/type 2 diabetes (T1D/T2D) and 34 age-matched healthy controls underwent a detailed assessment of neuropathy using the Total Neuropathy Score (TNS). The concentration of SP and CGRP in tears was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The corneal sub-basal nerve plexus was imaged using corneal confocal micros...
Source: The Ocular Surface - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Ocul Surf Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewDiabetic peripheral neuropathy eventually affects nearly 50% of adults with diabetes during their lifetime and is associated with substantial morbidity including pain, foot ulcers, and lower limb amputation. This review summarizes the epidemiology, risk factors, and management of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and related lower extremity complications.Recent FindingsThe prevalence of peripheral neuropathy is estimated to be between 6 and 51% among adults with diabetes depending on age, duration of diabetes, glucose control, and type 1 versus type 2 diabetes. The clinical manifestations are variable...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We are very uncertain whether ALC causes a reduction in pain after 6 to 12 months' treatment in people with DPN, when compared with placebo, as the evidence is sparse and of low certainty. Data on functional and sensory impairment and symptoms are lacking, or of very low certainty. The evidence on adverse events is too uncertain to make any judgements on safety. PMID: 31201734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Anna M. D. Watson1,2*, Eleanor A. M. Gould2, Sally A. Penfold2, Gavin W. Lambert2,3, Putra Riza Pratama2, Aozhi Dai1, Stephen P. Gray2, Geoffrey A. Head2† and Karin A. Jandeleit-Dahm1,2† 1Department of Diabetes, Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 2Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 3Iverson Health Innovation Research Institute, Faculty of Health, Arts and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, VIC, Australia Patients with diabetic hypertensive nephropathy have accelerated ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study investigated serum and urinary Cr and Fe levels among patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 1 diabetes (T1D), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the Northeast Chinese population. From January 2010 to October 2011, patients with IFG (n=12), IGT (n=15), T1D (n=25), T2D (n=137) and healthy controls (n=50) were enrolled in the First Hospital of Jilin University. Trace elements were detected using an inductively coupled plasma spectrometer. Serum Cr levels decreased in T2D without complications, diabetic retinopathy (DR), diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), and diabetic nephropathy (DN) (P
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 March 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Sabine Paeschke, Petra Baum, Klaus V. Toyka, Matthias Blüher, Severin Koj, Nora Klöting, Ingo Bechmann, Joachim Thiery, Joanna Kosacka, Marcin NowickiAbstractPeripheral diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is one of the common complications of diabetes mellitus. Previous studies showed an association between dietary iron load and inflammation in the development of PDN in a rat model of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Here we investigated the role of iron and neural inflammation in development of PDN in the animal model of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Because it has become such a frequent item in everyday meals, suggesting that something so commonplace must be fine, people often ask: Is wheat really that bad? Let’s therefore catalog the health conditions that are associated with wheat consumption. Health conditions we know with 100% certainty are caused by consumption of wheat and related grains: Celiac disease, dermatitis herpetiformis, cerebellar ataxia, “idiopathic” peripheral neuropathy, temporal lobe seizures, gluten encephalopathy, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune hepatitis, autoimmune pancreatitis, tooth decay Health conditions ...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates autoimmune diabetes gluten-free grain-free grains wheat wheat belly Source Type: blogs
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