Kidney failure can complicate long-term outcomes in children receiving solid-organ transplants

(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Children who undergo transplants of solid organs have a high risk of developing advanced kidney disease, according to a new national study. Among these children, the highest risk is in those receiving lung or intestinal transplants, followed by heart and then liver transplants. The researchers say their findings reinforce the importance of continued screening of kidney function in pediatric transplant recipients.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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Abstract Despite decades of formidable exploration, multi-organ ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) encountered, particularly amongst elderly patients with clinical scenarios, such as age-related arteriosclerotic vascular disease, heart surgery and organ transplantation, is still an unsettled conundrum that besets clinicians. Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC), delivered via transient, repetitive noninvasive IR interventions to distant organs or tissues, is regarded as an innovative approach against IRI. Based on the available evidence, RIC holds the potential of affording protection to multiple organs or tissues, w...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
We report that the disruption of excitation-contraction coupling contributes to impaired force generation in the mouse model of Sod1 deficiency. Briefly, we found a significant reduction in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) activity as well as reduced expression of proteins involved in calcium release and force generation. Another potential factor involved in EC uncoupling in Sod1-/- mice is oxidative damage to proteins involved in the contractile response. In summary, this study provides strong support for the coupling between increased oxidative stress and disruption of cellular excitation contraction mac...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND Donor hypernatremia has been associated with reduced graft and recipient survival after heart, liver, kidney, and pancreas transplantation. However, it is unknown what effect donor hypernatremia has on graft and recipient outcomes after lung transplantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation of donor hypernatremia with the duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation, the incidence of severe primary graft dysfunction, and survival following lung transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS We analyzed all consecutive lung transplantations performed in adult patients at our cent...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center led the nation in the number of solid organ transplants performed in 2017, with 641 procedures that included kidney, pancreas, lung, heart and intestine transplants, according to statistics from the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network.UCLA recorded 363 kidney transplants in 2017, making it the year ’s top kidney transplant center.Other medical centers with a high number of solid organ transplants in 2017 were UC San Francisco; Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri; and the University of Wisconsin ’s University Hospital in Ma...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
ConclusionsOur analysis does not confirm previously reported associations between traffic-related air pollution exposure and the risk of transplant failure.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
In this study, senescent cell distribution and quantity in vastus lateralis muscle were examined in young human adults after a single bout of resistance exercise. To determine the effects of dietary protein availability around exercise on senescent cell quantity and macrophage infiltration of skeletal muscle, two isocaloric protein supplements (14% and 44% in calorie) were ingested before and immediately after an acute bout of resistance exercise, in a counter-balanced crossover fashion. An additional parallel trial was conducted to compare the outcome of muscle mass increment under the same dietary conditions after 12 wee...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsOur analysis does not confirm previously reported associations between traffic-related air pollution exposure and the risk of transplant failure.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
There has recently been considerable progress in the results of pig organ transplantation in nonhuman primates, largely associated with the availability of (i) pigs genetically engineered to overcome coagulation dysregulation, and (ii) novel immunosuppressive agents. The barriers of thrombotic microangiopathy and/or consumptive coagulation were believed to be associated with (i) activation of the graft vascular endothelial cells by a low level of antipig antibody binding and/or complement deposition and/or innate immune cell activity, and (ii) molecular incompatibilities between the nonhuman primate and pig coagulation-ant...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
es JP Abstract Despite the considerable amount of data available on the effect of donor age upon the outcomes of organ transplantation, these still represent an underutilized resource in aging research. In this review, we have compiled relevant studies that analyze the effect of donor age in graft and patient survival following liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, lung and cornea transplantation, with the aim of deriving insights into possible differential aging rates between the different organs. Overall, older donor age is associated with worse outcomes for all the organs studied. Nonetheless, the donor age from whic...
Source: Experimental Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Exp Gerontol Source Type: research
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