Status Epilepticus Manifested as Continuous Epileptic Spasms

Conclusion: Continuous epileptic spasms were associated with severe brain impairments in patients with electro-clinical syndromes; and required long hospital stays in patients with acute symptomatic causes. We suggest to include continuous epileptic spasms in the international classification of status epilepticus, as a special form. Further investigations are required to better recognize this condition, better understand the etiology, as well as to explore more effective treatments to improve outcomes.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our findings suggested that NMDAR encephalitis might be associated with clear cell renal carcinoma. When patients present with unexplained seizures, neuropsychiatric disorder, or other brain symptoms, clinicians should be careful with paraneoplastic neurological disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment of primary tumors might show improvement.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Post-herpetic anti-NMDAr AIE could arise several months after infection. Clinicians must be aware of this possibility, particularly if cognitive and/or psychiatric symptoms occurred after a remitting period. In our two cases, only rituximab was associated with clinical improvement.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Tommaso Ercoli, Giovanni Defazio, Antonella MuroniAbstractHashimoto’s encephalopathy is a non-infectious, probably autoimmune encephalitis, characterized by varied signs coupled with elevated levels of anti-thyroid antibodies and, often, good response to corticosteroid therapy. Seizures, namely focal and generalized tonic-clonic seizures, myoclonus, and status epilepticus, are frequent manifestations of Hashimoto’s encephalopathy. Typically, seizures in these patients respond poorly to anti-epileptic drugs. Although cases of Hashimoto&rsqu...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Palomino-Lescano H, Segura-Chávez D, Quispe-Orozco D, Castro-Suarez S, De la Cruz W, Zapata-Luyo W, Delgado-Ríos J, Cam J, Alvarado-Morales M, Paredes-Carcasi L, Cornejo-Herrera I, Meza-Vega M Abstract Autoimmune encephalitis with antibodies against the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) is a disorder mediated by antibodies against neural surface antigens, whose early diagnosis and timely treatment improve the prognosis of the disease. Four cases with the definitive diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis by anti-NMDAR are presented, treated at the National Institute of Neurological Scie...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Conclusions: Seizures and encephalopathy are not rare in MOG encephalomyelitis, and are commonly associated with cortical and subcortical brain lesions. MOG-encephalomyelitis often presents with clinical meningoencephalitis symptoms and abnormal CSF findings mimicking central nervous system infection in pediatric and young adult patients. Background Immunoglobulin-G against myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) is considered a potential demyelinating disease-associated autoantibody. Previous experimental studies have established MOG-IgG as a pathogenic antigen rather than an epiphenomenal bystander or a secon...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Some patients with psychiatric syndromes and increased ANA titers may suffer from psychiatric variants of SLE, even if the American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE are not met. Whether the psychiatric symptoms in our patient represent a prodromal stage with the later manifestation of full-blown SLE or a subtype of SLE with isolated CNS involvement remains unclear. Regardless, early diagnosis and initiation of immunosuppressive treatment are essential steps in preventing further disease progression and organ damage. Intrathecal ANAs with extractable nuclear antigen differentiation may be a more sensitiv...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
We report the case of a 9 year-old boy, presenting with an acute encephalitis with cerebrospinal fluid pleiocytosis. MRI showed T2/FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) hyperintense signals of basal ganglia and cortex, EEG (electro encephalogram) showed diffuse slowing with epileptic discharges. A repetitively elevated IgM/IgG serologic response against Mycoplasma pneumoniae was observed with polymerase chain reaction in serum and cerebrospinal fluid remaining negative. No other pathogen or antigen could be identified. High IgG and IgM levels against the glycolipid galactocerebroside were detected in serum but not in...
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research
We report two new encephalitis-associated pediatric patients and review all of the pediatric KBS cases in the literature to better describe the clinical features of this rare neurobehavioral condition. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Neuropediatrics - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsTick‐borne encephalitis is a viral CNS infection that may result in long‐term neurological sequelae. Since its incidence in Europe is increasing due to broadening of endemic areas and prolongation of the tick activity season, the health burden of TBE is enlarging. There is no effective antiviral treatment for TBE, but the disease may be effectively prevented by vaccination.
Source: European Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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