Evaluation of the performance of Acuitas® ResistomeTest and the Acuitas Lighthouse® Software for the detection of β-lactamase producing microorganisms

ConclusionsThe OpGenAcuitas® Resistome Test is an efficient molecular tool that can identify resistance threats in health care institutions with high diagnostic accuracy and be integrated into targeted surveillance protocols.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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ConclusionsA. baumannii ST2 producing 16S rRNA methylase ArmA has been spreading in medical settings in Myanmar.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In conclusion, this study shows a high prevalence of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing bacteria in hospital sewage and receiving rivers in China. These findings have serious implications for human health, and also suggest the need for more efforts to control the dissemination of resistant bacteria from hospital sewage into the environment.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Acinetobacter baumannii is a multidrug-resistant (MDR) hazardous bacterium with very high antimicrobial resistance profiles. Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) help directly and/or indirectly towards antibiotic resis...
Source: BMC Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The induction of resistance to eravacycline in the strains were evident with the increased expression of ribosomal and transcription related genes/proteins. Apart from this resistance-conferring efflux pumps, outer membrane proteins and stress-related proteins were also an essential part of the upregulated DEGs. However, the expression profiles of OMVs proteome in the study was independent with respect to the whole-cell RNA expression profiles with low to no correlation. This indicates the possible role of OMVs to be more of back-up additional protection to the existing bacterial cell defence during the antibac...
Source: Genomics Proteomics ... - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: BMC Microbiol Source Type: research
In conclusion, wastewater effluents from the investigated poultry slaughterhouses exhibited clinically relevant bacteria (E. coli, MRSA, K. pneumoniae, species of the ACB-and E. cloacae-complexes) that contribute to the dissemination of clinically relevant resistances (i.e. bla CTX-M/SHV, mcr-1) in the environment.Importance Bacteria from livestock may be opportunistic pathogens and carriers of clinically relevant resistance genes, as many antimicrobials are used both in veterinary and human medicine. They may be released into the environment from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) that are influenced by wastewater from s...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii is a critical threat to global health. The type strain ATCC 19606 has been widely used in studying the virulence, pathogenesis and mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in A. baumannii. However, the lack of a complete genome sequence is a hindrance towards detailed bioinformatic studies. Here we report the generation of a complete genome for ATCC 19606 using PacBio sequencing. ATCC 19606 genome consists of a 3,980,848-bp chromosome and a 9,450-bp plasmid pMAC, and harbours a chromosomal dihydropteroate synthase gene sul2 conferring resistance to sulphonam...
Source: International Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Int J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
The spread of drug-resistant bacteria is considered a global public health problem. According to the World Health Organization (World Health Organization [Internet], 2014), it is anticipated that around 10 million people could die from infections with drug-resistant bacteria by 2050. In Japan, in addition to drug-resistant Gram-positive cocci such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci, healthcare-associated infections caused by drug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli, including multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRP) and multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter still rem...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Since the last 20 years, bacteria of the genus Acinetobacter have been the leading cause of hospital-acquired infections. In addition to the ability of Acinetobacter species to acquire rapid antibiotic resistance, limited knowledge on the mechanisms of multidrug resistance to antibiotics limits the treatment options for such infections. Here, we present a review of cellular processes, including oxidative stress defense, energy metabolism, ppGpp signaling, toxin-antitoxin system, and quorum sensing network in Acinetobacter species and their roles in antimicrobial resistance. Although inhibition of str...
Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Microbiol Biotechnol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Most tested Acinetobacter isolates were susceptible to amikacin, underscoring the crucial role of this antibiotic in the treatment of MDR Acinetobacter spp. in our hospital. The emergence of XDR isolates is of serious concern and necessitates close monitoring and surveillance. PMID: 31865943 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionThese data suggest that a combined 2-h infusion with a higher dosage of meropenem, including a loading dose, may be successful to achieve effective PK parameters.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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