Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 449: Extracellular Vesicle microRNAs Contribute to the Osteogenic Inhibition of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Multiple Myeloma

Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 449: Extracellular Vesicle microRNAs Contribute to the Osteogenic Inhibition of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Multiple Myeloma Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers12020449 Authors: Raimondo Urzì Conigliaro Bosco Parisi Carlisi Siragusa Raimondi Luca Giavaresi Alessandro Osteolytic bone disease is the major complication associated with the progression of multiple myeloma (MM). Recently, extracellular vesicles (EVs) have emerged as mediators of MM-associated bone disease by inhibiting the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Here, we investigated a correlation between the EV-mediated osteogenic inhibition and MM vesicle content, focusing on miRNAs. By the use of a MicroRNA Card, we identified a pool of miRNAs, highly expressed in EVs, from MM cell line (MM1.S EVs), expression of which was confirmed in EVs from bone marrow (BM) plasma of patients affected by smoldering myeloma (SMM) and MM. Notably,we found that miR-129-5p, which targets different osteoblast (OBs) differentiation markers, is enriched in MM-EVs compared to SMM-EVs, thus suggesting a selective packaging correlated with pathological grade. We found that miR-129-5p can be transported to hMSCs by MM-EVs and, by the use of miRNA mimics, we investigated its role in recipient cells. Our data demonstrated that the increase of miR-129-5p levels in hMSCs under osteoblastic differentiation stimuli inhibited the expression of the transcr...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Cells become senescent in response to a variety of circumstances. The vast majority are cases of replicative senescence, somatic cells reaching the Hayflick limit. Cell damage and toxic environments also produce senescence, and senescent cells are also created as a part of the wound healing process. A senescent cell ceases replication and begins to secrete inflammatory and pro-growth signals, altering the nearby extracellular matrix and behavior of surrounding cells - even encouraging them to become senescent as well. Near all senescent cells last a short time only, as they self-destruct or are removed by the immune...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
Abstract With the advent of novel high throughput techniques, an extensive number of non-coding RNAs have been recognized to be involved in the pathogenesis of different types of hematological malignancies. These transcripts are classified according to their length to long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs). Expression studies have revealed dysregulation of their expression in leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma. Notably, some miRNAs have been shown to define stem cell features in leukemic cells. Several lncRNAs exert their pathogenic roles via modulation of miRNA expression or function by acting...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharmacol Source Type: research
Bargou Andreas Rosenwald Thorsten Stühmer Ellen Leich Approximately 20% of multiple myeloma (MM) cases harbor a point mutation in KRAS. However, there is still no final consent on whether KRAS-mutations are associated with disease outcome. Specifically, no data exist on whether KRAS-mutations have an impact on survival of MM patients at diagnosis in the era of novel agents. Direct blockade of KRAS for therapeutic purposes is mostly impossible, but recently a mutation-specific covalent inhibitor targeting KRASp.G12C entered into clinical trials. However, other KRAS hotspot-mutations exist in MM patients, incl...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, February 10, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the submission of a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seeking approval of DARZALEX® (daratumumab) in combination with Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) and dexamethasone (DKd) for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. The sBLA is supported by results from the Phase 3 CANDOR study, which compared treatment with DKd to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in patients with multiple myeloma who relapsed after one to three prior lines of therapy. “Wh...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
es Vasconcelos Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common blood cancer. Treatments for MM include corticosteroids, alkylating agents, anthracyclines, proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, histone deacetylase inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. Survival outcomes have improved substantially due to the introduction of many of these drugs allied with their rational use. Nonetheless, MM patients successively relapse after one or more treatment regimens or become refractory, mostly due to drug resistance. This review focuses on the main drugs used in MM treatment and on causes of drug resistance, including...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In conclusion, our preclinical results suggest that CD44v6.CAR T based adoptive therapy could be a promising strategy in solid cancer treatment.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
AbstractTransfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI), defined as the onset of acute respiratory distress after blood transfusion, is a rare complication which is a leading cause of transfusion related-mortality. In this retrospective study, we report the French nationwide experience of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-related TRALI, with a literature review and analysis of management and outcome of this rare condition. With the pharmacovigilance services, we conducted a retrospective multicenter study in the French network of intensive care units with TRALI concomitant to IVIG use and pooled with data from a literature r...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Advent of novel anti-myeloma agents and broader use of stem cell transplant has led to significant improvement in survival of patients (pts) with Multiple Myeloma (MM). However, there are well-described issues with affordability of novel drugs and rapidly escalating price of these agents (Shih et al. JCO 2017), leading to significant disparity among different sociodemographic groups. Hereby, we interrogated the National Cancer Database (NCDB) (which covers 70% of MM patient diagnosed nationwide) to assess impact of insurance type on survival.
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 60 Source Type: research
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), defined by its underlying graft-versus-multiple myeloma (MM) effect, is a potentially curative approach for high-risk pts. However, relapse remains the main cause of treatment failure. Predictors for post-relapse survival after HCT are not well characterized, and we hypothesized that the time to relapse and the patterns of relapse are prognostic for post-relapse survival.Methods: All pts with MM who underwent a CD34+-selected alloHCT at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center on protocol (NCT 01131169/01119066) or off study from 01/2010 to 12/2017 and progressed afte...
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 25 Source Type: research
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