Sarcopenia, osteoporosis and the burden of prevalent vertebral fractures: a cross-sectional study of 350 women with hip fracture.

Sarcopenia, osteoporosis and the burden of prevalent vertebral fractures: a cross-sectional study of 350 women with hip fracture. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2020 Feb 12;: Authors: Di Monaco M, Castiglioni C, Bardesono F, Milano E, Massazza G Abstract BACKGROUND: The concurrent presence of sarcopenia and osteoporosis may enhance fracture risk. AIM: To evaluate the association between sarcopenia, osteoporosis, or the concurrent presence of both the conditions (osteosarcopenia) and the burden (number and severity) of vertebral fractures in women with hip fracture. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. POPULATION: We studied 350 women with subacute hip fracture. METHODS: Lateral radiographs of the spine were taken 18.2±4.5 days after fracture occurrence and the spine deformity index (SDI) was calculated. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Low muscle mass was identified with appendicular lean mass
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the functional recovery at 24 months follow-up showed no significant differences in elderly patients with QP fracture undergoing anatomical reconstruction (displacement 0-1 mm) compared to patients receiving a good QP fracture reconstruction (displacement ≤ 3 mm). PMID: 32902823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Luciana Munhoz, Isabela Goulart Gil Choi, Daniel Key Miura, Plauto Christopher Aranha Watanabe, Emiko Saito AritaIndian Journal of Dental Research 2020 31(3):457-464 Aim: Mandibular cortical index has proven to be inversely correlated to bone densitometry; however, trabecular bone pattern has not been widely studied. Thus, the main objectives of this study were: (1) to analyze the correlations between three different sites of peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with the mandibular cortical index and the trabecular bone pattern classification; (2) to assess the correlation between the mandibular cortical index and ...
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The mandibular cortical index findings (MCI) on panoramic radiograph are effective indicators of osseous changes in postmenopausal osteoporosis, thereby determining early prediction of osteoporotic fracture risk and reducing its related morbidity.
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
ConclusionsRadiographic vertebral fractures were common among Thai postmenopausal women (~ 29%). These findings suggest that approximately one in three postmenopausal women has undiagnosed vertebral fracture. Radiographic diagnosis should therefore be an essential investigation for identifying and confirming the presence of vertebral fractures.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose sacral insufficiency fracture after LS arthrodesis. A trial of conservative management is reasonable for select patients; potential surgical indications include refractory pain, neurological deficit, fracture nonunion with anterolisthesis or kyphotic angulation, L5-S1 pseudarthrosis, and spinopelvic malalignment. Lumbopelvic fixation with iliac screws may be effective salvage treatment to allow fracture healing and symptom improvement. High-risk patients may benefit from prophylactic lumbopelvic fixation at the time of index LS arthrodesis. PMID: 32217798 [P...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review discusses imaging modalities for fracture repair assessment, with an emphasis on pragmatic clinical and translational use, best practices for implementation, and challenges and opportunities for continuing research.Recent FindingsSemiquantitative radiographic union scoring remains the clinical gold standard, but has questionable reliability as a surrogate indicator of structural bone healing, particularly in early-stage, complex, or compromised healing scenarios. Alternatively, computed tomography (CT) scanning enables quantitative assessment of callus morphometry and mechanics through ...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether USF concomitant with low-energy DRF was associated with the bone mineral status and the degree of radiographically observed pretreatment radius displacement in Japanese adults above 50  years of age.MethodsThe study subjects were 45 (44 female, 1 male) consecutive patients aged>  50 years with DRF caused by falls from June 2015 to May 2016. Fractures due to high-energy injuries were excluded. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of USF. Radius displacement was assessed on anteroposterior and lateral radiographs by measuring ul...
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Objective: Immunological abnormalities, the resulting endocrinopathies and their treatments may impact bone health in patients with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy–candidiasis–ectodermal dystrophy (APECED, APS1). The aim of the present study was to describe skeletal characteristics in patients with APECED and the prevalence and risk factors of compromised bone health.Patients and methods: We performed a cross-sectional study on 44 patients (27 females) with APECED and 82 age-, gender- and ethnicity-matched control subjects (54 females). We determined the prevalence of osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiome...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionThese modified recommendations provide guidance for rheumatologists, radiologists and healthcare professionals on timely diagnosis of axSpA and disease management with appropriate imaging modalities.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Authors: Kunitoki K, Mutoh T, Tatewaki Y, Takano Y, Yamamoto S, Shimomura H, Nakagawa M, Arai H, Taki Y Abstract BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is a major global public health problem in the current aging era. Osteoporosis is often diagnosed only after patients have a fracture that causes a severe decline in ability to perform activities of daily life. Although the current criterion standard for diagnosing osteoporosis is dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), this modality remains less prevalent among general practitioners in geriatric medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic utility of visual ins...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
More News: DEXA Scan | Monaco Health | Nutrition | Orthopaedics | Osteoporosis | Radiography | Rehabilitation | Sports Medicine | Study | Women