Evaluation of Microscopic Examination, Culture and Polymerase Chain Reaction Tests in the Diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis Infection.

In this study, 95.3% of the patients were married and 96.7% had only one sexual partner in the mean time. The rate of detection of pathogens were statistically higher in women who have had two or more pregnancies (p
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

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Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Abstract The main aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of an air membrane bioreactor (aMBR) for the treatment of gas-phase methanol. A laboratory-scale hollow fiber aMBR was operated for 150 days, at inlet methanol concentrations varying between 2 and 30 g m-3 and at empty bed residence times (EBRT) of 30, 10 and 5 s. Under steady-state conditions, a maximum methanol removal efficiency (RE) of 98% was obtained at an EBRT of 30 s and a decrease in RE of methanol was observed at lower EBRTs. On increasing the inlet loading rate, some portion of gas-phase MeOH was stripped into the li...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
ConclusionsA disproportionately high burden ofC.trachomatis is present among young asymptomatic women in Fiji of iTaukei ethnicity despite the low number of lifetime partners. Syndromic management and lack of barrier contraceptives contribute to hyperendemic levels. Strategic STI education and screening of at-risk adolescents, young women, and their partner(s) with appropriate treatment are urgently needed to control the epidemic.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions There is a high unmet need for STI care in rural South African settings with poor access to health care services. Provision of STI services in a mobile clinic using the syndromic management approach provides a useful approach, but would have to be enhanced by targeted diagnostics to successfully address the burden of infection.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: The Real World of STD Prevention Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Sexually transmitted diseases may occur more frequently in sexually active asymptomatic renal transplant recipients than in nontransplanted individuals. Real-time multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis may be a suitable method for determining these pathogens. PMID: 29619908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
Abstract ObjectiveTo assess the effectiveness of the WHO syndromic algorithm in the management of vaginal discharge among women of reproductive age in Dakar. MethodsCross‐sectional study of consecutive female patients (aged 18‐49 years) presenting with vaginal symptoms at six selected study sites in Dakar; of these, 276 patients were included in the analysis. Vaginal and cervical swab samples were collected and analysed to establish an aetiological diagnosis of any infection. Syndrome‐based diagnosis was compared with the laboratory results to evaluate its accuracy based on sensitivity, specificity and positive and n...
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions Provision of menstrual cups and sanitary pads for ~1 school-year was associated with a lower STI risk, and cups with a lower bacterial vaginosis risk, but there was no association with school dropout. A large-scale trial on menstrual cups is warranted. Trial registration ISRCTN17486946; Results
Source: BMJ Open - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Open access, Global health, Public health, Sexual health, Obgyn Research Source Type: research
Conclusions There is a high prevalence of adolescent schoolgirls with RTI in rural Kenya. Public efforts are required to identify and treat infections among girls to reduce longer-term sequelae but poor reliability of symptom reporting minimises utility of symptom-based diagnosis in this population. Trial registration number ISRCTN17486946.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Drugs: infectious diseases, Reproductive medicine, Ophthalmology, Dermatology, Chlamydia, Vulvovaginal disorders Clinical Source Type: research
Conclusions The over-treatment and inaccurate diagnosis of pathogens due to subjective judgment based on syndromic approach in symptomatic women is a large economic wastage and may also contribute towards increased resistance. The misdiagnosed patients will also serve as a reservoir for transmission of pathogens to their sexual partner.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Objectives Studies examining cervicitis aetiology and prevalence lack comparability due to varying criteria for cervicitis. We aimed to outline cervicitis associations and suggest a best case definition. Methods A cross-sectional study of 558 women at three sexually transmitted infection clinics in Sydney, Australia, 2006–2010, examined pathogen and behavioural associations of cervicitis using three cervicitis definitions: ‘microscopy’ (>30 pmnl/hpf (polymorphonuclear leucocytes per high-powered field on cervical Gram stain)), ‘cervical discharge’ (yellow and/or mucopurulent cervical ...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Tags: Epidemiologic studies, Drugs: infectious diseases, Contraception, Drugs: obstetrics and gynaecology, Reproductive medicine, Ophthalmology, Condoms, Chlamydia, Vulvovaginal disorders, Clinical diagnostic tests, Health education, Smoking Source Type: research
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