The antimicrobial susceptibility in adult invasive pneumococcal disease in the era of pneumococcus vaccination: A hospital-based observational study in Taiwan

ConclusionThe increase in the prevalence of CNSP using meningitis breakpoint was observed. For treating pneumococcal meningitis, empirical monotherapy with ceftriaxone might not be adequate. Imipenem and meropenem might not be a good choice for empirical treatment of adult IPDs. Antibiotic resistance of pneumococcus to ceftriaxone, cefepime, imipenem and meropenem were associated with 13-velent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine serotypes.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Because virtually all cases of pneumococcal meningitis lead to either permanent neurologic sequelae or death, it would be well worth the effort to develop a new vaccine capable of preventing pneumococcal meningitis regardless of capsular type. Such a vaccine would need to protect against colonization with most, if not all, pneumococci.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Background: Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) causes life-threatening illnesses including meningitis and bloodstream infection. Here, we report the impact of 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7/PCV13) after introduction into the Irish pediatric immunization schedule in 2008 and 2010, respectively, and the clinical details surrounding suspected PCV vaccine failures. Methods: Serotyping and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of all culture-confirmed cases referred from children 50% since the introduction of PCVs. The most significant decline PCV serotypes in children
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This paper highlights clear issues with the immunisation of adult CI recipients. PMID: 32161418 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Conclusion. This study shows that macrolide resistance among S. pneumoniae isolated in Tunisia is mainly related to target site modification. Our observations demonstrate a high degree of genetic diversity and capsular types among strains resistant to macrolides. PMID: 32159507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionApplying these new Choosing Wisely® recommendations will increase patient safety and the value of health care.
Source: Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and the importance of an early diagnosis and subsequent infection prophylaxis in C2 deficiency. Here, we report the 21-year follow-up of a whole family which was tested for complement parameters, genetic analysis and biochemical measurements, due to recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in the elder brother. The two sons were diagnosed with homozygous type 1 C2 deficiency, while their parents were heterozygous with normal complement parameters. For the two brothers, a recommended vaccination program and antibiotic prophylaxis were prescribed. During the long-term foll...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Conclusion. The combination of PhtD and PhtD-C with alum produced optimal results, but the combination of PhtD and PhtD-C with OMVs produced minimal results by comparison. The survival rates were also measured, and these corresponded with the results of the immunological assessments. Our findings showed that mice receiving PhtD and PhtD-C plus OMV and alum had higher survival rates than the mice in the other groups. PMID: 32100705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The increase in the prevalence of CNSP using meningitis breakpoint was observed. For treating pneumococcal meningitis, empirical monotherapy with ceftriaxone might not be adequate. Imipenem and meropenem might not be a good choice for empirical treatment of adult IPDs. Antibiotic resistance of pneumococcus to ceftriaxone, cefepime, imipenem and meropenem were associated with 13-velent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine serotypes. PMID: 32063458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We detected a small risk of incidental pneumonia associated with varicella vaccine in the 6th week after immunization. There was no increase in the risk of other pre-specified adverse events. PMID: 32046891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
(Wolters Kluwer Health) Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have been highly effective in reducing pneumonia and other invasive infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. But rates of meningitis have shown little change, as pneumococcal strains not targeted by PCVs emerge as more important causes of meningitis, reports a paper in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, the official journal of The European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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