A Retrospective Mixed Longitudinal Study of Tooth Formation in Children With Clefts.

A Retrospective Mixed Longitudinal Study of Tooth Formation in Children With Clefts. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2020 Feb 13;:1055665620903186 Authors: Kimbrough SB, Parris WG, Williams RA, Harris EF Abstract OBJECTIVE: To test for systematic age changes in cleft children based on dental age. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control longitudinal study. SETTING: One orthodontic solo practice. PATIENTS: Nonsyndromic, complete cleft lip and palateCLP cases, either unilateral or bilateral (102 children; 370 radiographs), between 4 and 16 years of age. INTERVENTIONS: Children were treated with a team approach, but only orthodontic radiographs were studied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The principal outcome measure was dental age of the cleft cases compared to a sex-specific sample of phenotypically normal children (1107 children), from the same geographical region. Multiple panoramic radiographs taken during the course of orthodontic treatment were examined to track patterns of dental age as children matured. Analysis used linear mixed models primarily testing for sex, cleft type (unilateral, bilateral), and hypodontia differences. Initial expectation was that cleft children would exhibit delayed dental ages from postnatal stressors and would become more deviant with maturity. RESULTS: In childhood (4-6 years), both sexes were significantly delayed (P
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Microneedling therapy can be considered as an effective modality of treatment for facial scars in patients with an added advantage of minimal downtime and effective improvement. It is simple and cost-effective technique in the treatment of facial scars.
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
In this study, total 240 patients were enrolled, out of which 72 were parents (either mother/father) of CL/P children, below 10 years (group A: before adolescence), 70 were parents of CL/P children, above 10 years of age (group B: after adolescence), and 98 were parents of children with no CL/P or any other genetic disorder (group C). Depression, anxiety, and stress scale-21 was administered in all groups after obtaining the informed consent. Mean ranks of group B revealed a higher score for all the 3 psychologic domains. The CL/P was further divided into only cleft lip, only cleft palate, and both cleft lip and palate gro...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Discussion Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a clefting problem of the brain. “[HPE] the result of incomplete or absent midline division of the embryonic forebrain into distinct cerebral hemispheres (prosencephalon) between the 18th and 28th day after conception.” There are four distinct subtypes: Alobar – both hemispheres are completely fused and are not separated into the left and right hemispheres. There is agenesis of the corpus callosum, arrhinencephaly and a single ventricle with fused thalami. Facial features are almost always affected. Semilobar – the cerebral hemispheres are fused anteriorly bu...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Aim: The aim was to evaluate the anxiety and depression of both the father and mother of an infant with cleft lip and palate (CLP) before, during and after nasoalveolar molding (NAM) therapy and before and after the lip surgery. Subjects and Method: Forty mothers (age range: 18–36; mean ± SD: 23.6 ± 4.51) and 40 fathers (age range: 19–40; mean ± SD: 26.9 ± 4.69) of infants with CLP were asked to answer the 21-item Beck Depression as well as Anxiety Inventory (BDI and BAI) at 1 week after birth and before any intervention (T1), after impression taking (T2), after 2 months...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest a need for appropriate psychological screening of both parents following a diagnosis of CL/P and emphasize the importance of coordinated multidisciplinary care for psychological health. Preventative models of intervention to strengthen familial relationships and build resilience require further investigation. PMID: 31378083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Cleft Palate Craniofac J Source Type: research
Rationale: Insignifificant, asymmetrical or lack of labial tubercle often occurs after cleft lip surgery due to improper treatment of vermilion tissue. Especially in the cases of bilateral cleft lip, because of short front lip and insuffificient vermilion tissue, the median vermilion depression often occurs after surgery, forming a “whistling” deformity. The object of this study is to verify the outcomes of patients with median labial tubercle detects after treatment with bilateral vermilion musculomucosal sliding flflaps (VMSF). Patient concerns: Six patients with median labial tubercle defect after bilat...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: USG-guided TNB reduces perioperative opioid consumption in patients undergoing faciomaxillary surgery with better patient pain scores.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Clinically, patients with operated unilateral cleft lip and palate always present with a concave profile, depressed midface, maxillary hypoplasia, narrow upper dental arch, and class III malocclusion. In this clinical report, the authors describe the successful orthodontic treatment of a patient with unilateral cleft lip and palate. A boy, 7 years 11 months of age, with a history of unilateral cleft lip and cleft palate presented with a Class I malocclusion on Skeletal Class III base. A satisfactory occlusion and a favorable lateral profile were achieved after maxillary protraction (face mask) combined with fixed appliance...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: If a patient's signs/symptoms cannot be explained by the working/known diagnosis, additional work up should be pursued for concomitant diseases. SS and STGD1 are commonly diagnosed inherited eye disorders and can coexist in one patient on rare occasions. PMID: 30156925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ophthalmic Genetics - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Ophthalmic Genet Source Type: research
This study describes postpartum depression rates and risk factors for mothers with infants with cleft lip and/or palate as postpartum depression has been associated with a range of negative maternal and child outcomes. A retrospective chart review from August 2009 to May 2015 included medical diagnoses, demographics, receipt of prenatal diagnosis, and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Mothers (N = 206) had infants (59.2% male; mean age in weeks 5.1 ± 6.9) with isolated cleft lip (18%), cleft palate (22.8%), or cleft lip and palate (59.2%). Mothers ranged from 16 to 45 years old (mean age 29 ...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Brief Clinical Studies Source Type: research
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