Phytoestrogens in NAFLD: Potential Mechanisms of Action

This article reviews the published literature related to phytoestrogens and NAFLD as well as suggest the possible mechanisms that may underlie the association between phytoestrogens and NAFLD. It is hoped to provide basis for the treatment of NAFLD with phytoestrogen. [...] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Basel, 4 March 2020 - Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Device Designation to the Elecsys ® GALAD score.* This algorithmic score combines gender and age with the biomarker results of the Elecsys AFP, AFP-L3 and PIVKA-II and is intended to aid diagnosis of early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Dr. Amit Singal, Medical Director of the Liver Tumor Program   and Clinical Chief of Pathology at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, USA, stated, " HCC is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, wit...
Source: Roche Investor Update - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide.1 The primary risk factors for HCC include chronic hepatitis B and C viral infections, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcohol-related liver diseases (ALD). While recent clinical advances have considerably improved the management of HBV/HCV-driven liver diseases, both NAFLD and ALD are expected to increase the global burden of HCC significantly.1 Though NAFLD and ALD share similar histological features, ALD is the main cause of liver-related mortality worldwide.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Conclusion: NAFLD may be associated with increased liver metastasis, and for NAFLD-related advanced liver fibrosis and cirrhosis may be associated with reduced synchronous liver metastasis in CRC patients. However, the correlation between simple steatosis and steatohepatitis remains to be further determined. Certain factors such as NAFLD, lymph node metastasis, elevated levels of preoperative CEA and CA19-9 are suggesting a high risk of synCRLM.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, 8.1% of Mexican general population without a history of liver disease is at high risk of having advanced liver fibrosis and complications and death derived from cardiovascular disease and cirrhosis. Most of them showed normal ALT serum levels. PMID: 32063504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Meunier L, Larrey D Abstract Some drugs may induce hepatotoxic lesions, such as steatosis or steatohepatitis found in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Among these drugs there are some anti-tumoral molecules, such as methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan, tamoxifen and l-asparaginase. The hepatotoxic phenotype developed from treatment with such drugs is known as "CASH" for "Chemotherapy-induced Acute Steatohepatitis". The mechanism of toxicity is essentially based on mitochondrial toxicity. These lesions are chronic and often reversible when the treatment is stopped. Contrib...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: MitochondrionAuthor(s): Pallavi Shukla, Srabani MukherjeeAbstractPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, hyperandrogenism and subfertility. Due to its complex manifestation, the pathogenic mechanism of PCOS is not well defined. Cumulative effect of altered genetic and epigenetic factors along with environmental factors may play a role in the manifestation of PCOS leading to systemic malfunction. With failure of genome-wide association study (GWAS) and other studies performed on nuclear genome to p...
Source: Mitochondrion - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is on the verge of becoming the leading cause of liver disease. NAFLD develops at the interface between environmental factors and inherited predisposition. Genome-wide association studies, followed by exome-wide analyses, led to identification of genetic risk variants (e.g. PNPLA3, TM6SF2, SERPINA1) and key pathways involved in fatty liver disease pathobiology. Functional studies improved our understanding of these genetic factors and the molecular mechanisms underlying the trajectories from fat accumulation to fibrosis, cirrhosis and cancer over time.
Source: Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, although characterizing the liver-specific HuR function and demonstrating the multi-level regulative networks of HuR in the liver are still required, emerging evidence supports the notion that HuR represents a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of chronic liver diseases.Graphical abstract
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Therapeutic potential of PPARγ natural agonists in liver diseases. J Cell Mol Med. 2020 Feb 07;: Authors: Wu L, Guo C, Wu J Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a vital subtype of the PPAR family. The biological functions are complex and diverse. PPARγ plays a significant role in protecting the liver from inflammation, oxidation, fibrosis, fatty liver and tumours. Natural products are a promising pool for drug discovery, and enormous research effort has been invested in exploring the PPARγ-activating potential of natural products. In this manuscr...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
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