Hypertension in Adults With Intellectual Disability: Prevalence and Risk Factors

This study estimated the prevalence of hypertension in a global data set of adults with intellectual disability participating in Special Olympics and investigated the role of physical activity and obesity in hypertension risk.MethodsA total of 33,122 individuals aged ≥18 years with intellectual disability who participated in Special Olympic events from 2014 to 2018 had their brachial blood pressure, BMI, and self-reported physical activity assessed. Hypertension was classified using 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines (systolic blood pressure≥130 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure≥80 mmHg). Data were analyzed in 2019.ResultsParticipants were aged 31 (SD=11) years, 64% male, and had a resting blood pressure of 121 (SD=16)/76 (SD=12) mmHg. The population was 48% (95% CI=47.5%, 48.6%) hypertensive. Male participants had a higher prevalence of hypertension (50.7%, 95% CI=50.1%, 51.4%) than female participants (43.1%, 95% CI=42.2%, 44.0%), with prevalence increasing with age. Odds of hypertension increased when performing no or insufficient physical activity and with increasing obesity (p
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
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Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
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