Video head impulse test in vestibular migraine

Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of OtorhinolaryngologyAuthor(s): Márcio Cavalcante Salmito, Fernando Freitas GanançaAbstractIntroductionVestibular migraine as an entity was described in 1999 and its pathophysiology is still not established. Simultaneously with research to better understand vestibular migraine, there has been an improvement in vestibular function assessment. The video-head impulse test is one of the latest tools to evaluate vestibular function, measuring its vestibular-ocular reflex gain.ObjectiveTo evaluate vestibular function of vestibular migraine patients using video-head impulse test.MethodsCross-sectional case-control study homogeneous by age and gender with vestibular migraine patients according to the 2012–2013 Barany Society/International Headache Society diagnostic criteria submitted to video-head impulse test during intercrisis period.Results31 vestibular migraine patients were evaluated with a predominantly female group (90.3%) and mean age of 41 years old. Vestibular function was normal in both patient and control groups. Gain values for horizontal canals were similar between the two groups, but gain values for vertical canals were higher in the group with vestibular migraine (p 
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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ConclusionsMigraine was associated with an increased multimorbidity, evidenced by multiple different approaches in the study. A systematic increase in the morbidity across the whole spectrum of ICD-10 coded diagnoses, and when interpreting PDNs, were detected in migraine patients. However, no specific diagnoses explained the morbidity. The results reflect clinical praxis, but also undoubtedly, the pathophysiological phenotypes related to migraine, and emphasize the importance of better understanding migraine-related morbidity.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aims to test the hypothesis that induced spinal sensitization could be more pronounced in patients affected by high-frequency migraine (HF-MIG) with respect to low-frequency migraine (LF-MIG). We enrolled 28 patients with LF-MIG (1-5 migraine days/month), 19 patients with HF-MIG (6-14 migraine days/month), and 21 healthy controls (HCs). Spinal sensitization was evaluated with the neurophysiological recording of the temporal summation threshold (TST) of the nociceptive withdrawal reflex at the lower limb. Temporal summation threshold was recorded at baseline and 30, 60, and 120 minutes after NTG administration (0...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
AbstractROSAH syndrome was recently identified as an autosomal dominant systemic disorder due to mutations inALPK1. It was characterized by retinal dystrophy, optic nerve edema, splenomegaly, anhidrosis, and migraine headache. We collected and summarized the clinical data of two patients with juvenile onset splenomegaly and oculopathy. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was adapted for genetic analysis. Mutations inALPK1 were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Besides juvenile oculopathy and splenomegaly, both patients had intermittent fever and anhidrosis. Patient 2 also experienced recurrent upper respiratory infections in her in...
Source: Journal of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The increased rate of absent VEMPs was associated with the hypoperfusion of the sacculo-collic reflex pathway in migraine patients. In addition, it was concluded that VEMP reflex responses appear to be insufficient to differentiate between VM and migraine diagnoses. PMID: 31859539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Conclusion/Clinical Relevance: The case demonstrated that refractory AD could be managed with ITB in an emergency. PMID: 31815605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study showed that calcitonin could be helpful analgesic agent in different painful situations. Calcitonin can be considered an eligible treatment for acute pains related to vertebral fractures and a feasible alternative for the treatment of the acute and chronic neuropathic pains where other medications might fail. PMID: 31810524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Rev Bras Anestesiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Carlo Fumagalli, Niccolò Maurizi, Niccolò Marchionni, Diego FornasariAbstractThe pharmacological class of β-blockers includes a plea of molecules with largely different pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics with a protective effect that may span far beyond the cardiovascular system. Although all these compounds share the pharmacological blockade of the adrenergic receptors, each of them is characterized by specific pharmacological properties, including selectivity of action depending on the adrenerg...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract The array of end organ innervations of the vagus nerve, coupled with increased basic science evidence, has led to vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) being explored as a management option in a number of clinical disorders, such as heart failure, migraine and inflammatory bowel disease. Both invasive (surgically implanted) and non-invasive (transcutaneous) techniques of VNS exist. Transcutaneous VNS (tVNS) delivery systems rely on the cutaneous distribution of vagal afferents, either at the external ear (auricular branch of the vagus nerve) or at the neck (cervical branch of the vagus nerve), thus obviating the ...
Source: Journal of Anatomy - Category: Anatomy Authors: Tags: J Anat Source Type: research
AbstractParagangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors which originate from embryonic neural crest cells. These tumors may arise from parasympathetic or sympathetic paraganglia, may secrete catecholamines, and can occur in varied anatomic locations, with some locations being less common than others. Hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma (PGL/PCC) syndromes are characterized by paragangliomas and pheochromocytomas and have been associated with germline heterozygous mutations inMAX,SDHA,SDHAF2,SDHB,SDHC,SDHD, orTMEM127. Herein, we report a case of a middle-aged male who was diagnosed with an intrarenal/renal pelvis paraga...
Source: Endocrine Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Summary: Orofacial pain syndromes encompass several clinically defined and classified entities. The focus here is on the role of clinical neurophysiologic and psychophysical tests in the diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and pathophysiological mechanisms of definite trigeminal neuropathic pain and other chronic orofacial pain conditions (excluding headache and temporomandibular disorders). The International Classification of Headache Disorders 2018 classifies these facial pain disorders under the heading Painful cranial neuropathies and other facial pains. In addition to unambiguous painful posttraumatic or postherpetic...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neurology Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research
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