NLM ’s Groundbreaking Work to Prevent Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is highly preventable—but only if you live in a place where there’s access to the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and routine gynecological screening. Recent advances in vaccines protecting against HPV infection, which is the primary cause of the cancer, and improved cervical screening tests promise a future with a significantly reduced prevalence of…
Source: NLM In Focus - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs

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Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the primary risk factor for cervical cancer. While the HPV vaccine significantly reduces the risk of HPV infection and subsequent cervical cancer diagnosis, underuse is linked to lack of knowledge of its effectiveness in preventing cervical cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a cancer educational intervention (titled "MOVENUP") to improve knowledge of cervical cancer, HPV, and the HPV vaccine among predominantly African American communities in South Carolina. The MOVENUP cancer educational intervention was conducted among participants residin...
Source: Advances in Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Adv Cancer Res Source Type: research
Although much has been published in recent years on differences in Papanicolaou (Pap) tests across sexual orientation, other aspects of cervical cancer prevention remain underexplored, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, HPV co-tests, or abnormal Pap tests.
Source: Womens Health Issues - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Conclusions Human papillomavirus tests are a critical component for cervical cancer screening, and understanding of these tests helps test results interpretation and patients' triage.
Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease - Category: OBGYN Tags: Management HPV Assoc Conditions Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 65Author(s): Wei Lin, Lin Zhou, Haiyan Hu, Bin Chen, Shixin Yuan, Bo Wu, Zhihua Liu, Yueyun WangAbstractIt has been reported that the number of children a mother has may impact on her concept of health and behavior, and there is a need to understand the role of children in the acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing and vaccination among Chinese mothers. A cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and June 2015 in Shenzhen, China, in which representative females were recruited from healthcare institutions through the Cervical Cancer Prev...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Jessica Donald, from Birmingham, thought she'd get the all-clear after a cervical cancer screening test at her GP - only to be told she'd tested positive for human papillomavirus. (Pictured, stock image.)
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Sichero L, Picconi MA, Villa LL Abstract Our aim was to review the major contributions of studies conducted in different Latin American (LA) countries to the field of human papillomavirus (HPV) epidemiology, natural history, risk of disease, and prevention strategies, mainly in the uterine cervix. Although cytological screening is established in several countries in LA, incidence and mortality rates from cervical cancer (CC) are still extremely high. Finally, data from large cohort studies conducted in LA countries provided seminal data to propose primary and secondary prevention modalities: the HPV vaccin...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - Category: Research Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
In Poland, cervical cancer incidence and mortality still remain considerably higher than in Western European countries or North America. Recent data indicate decreasing trends in women younger than 60 years and stable trends in older women. In this article, we identified obstacles in primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer in Poland. We analysed local legislation, management structure and organization of cervical cancer prevention in Poland and reviewed solutions available and implemented in other European countries. The main weaknesses include: (i) very low coverage of organized screening; concurrent unregiste...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article: Nervous System Cancer Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Karen Canfell, Jane J Kim, Marc Brisson, Adam Keane, Kate T Simms, Michael Caruana, Emily A Burger, Dave Martin, Diep T N Nguyen, Élodie Bénard, Stephen Sy, Catherine Regan, Mélanie Drolet, Guillaume Gingras, Jean-Francois Laprise, Julie Torode, Megan A Smith, Elena Fidarova, Dario Trapani, Freddie BraySummaryBackgroundWHO is developing a global strategy towards eliminating cervical cancer as a public health problem, which proposes an elimination threshold of four cases per 100 000 women and includes 2030 triple-interventi...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 January 2020Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Marc Brisson, Jane J Kim, Karen Canfell, Mélanie Drolet, Guillaume Gingras, Emily A Burger, Dave Martin, Kate T Simms, Élodie Bénard, Marie-Claude Boily, Stephen Sy, Catherine Regan, Adam Keane, Michael Caruana, Diep T N Nguyen, Megan A Smith, Jean-François Laprise, Mark Jit, Michel Alary, Freddie BraySummaryBackgroundThe WHO Director-General has issued a call for action to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem. To help inform global efforts, we modelled potential human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
by Karin Sundstr öm, K. Miriam Elfström With major advances in understanding the infectious etiology of cervical cancer, preventive medicine has obtained highly promising new tools. Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines, together with a growing arsenal of HPV-based screening tests, have the potential to radically change public health but require diligent, large-scale implementation to reach the final goal: the elimination of cervical cancer. We reflect here upon the state of cervical cancer prevention globally as there have been several recent developments that will inform this implementation process.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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