Flexors activity of affected upper extremity in stroke patients during different standing conditions and their relationships with clinical scales: a cross-sectional study.

Flexors activity of affected upper extremity in stroke patients during different standing conditions and their relationships with clinical scales: a cross-sectional study. Neurol Res. 2020 Feb 12;:1-9 Authors: Wang S, Chen X, Zhuang R, Yang Z, Jiang W, Wang T Abstract Purpose: To explore the flexors activity of affected upper extremity in stroke patients during different standing conditions and their relationships with clinical scales.Materials and methods: Sixteen stroke patientswere recruited, all subjects stood on balance equipment with four different standing postures. The electromyogram (EMG) simultaneously recorded the muscle activity of bilateral biceps brachii, triceps brachii, flexor carpi radialis and extensor carpi radialis and their integrated electromyogram were figured out the contraction rate of elbow flexors(biceps brachii/triceps brachii) and wrist flexors(flexor carpi radialis/extensor carpi radialis). All subjects were assessed using Fugl-Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Barthel Index (BI) and Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS).Results: The contraction rate of affected elbow flexors in the condition of feet together on soft surface was significantly higher than that in the condition of feet separatedon hard surface (P
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

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ConclusionCBS contains analogous types and amounts of constituents and exerts approximate therapeutic effects compared to the NCB, thus the CBS might be used as the sustainable substitute of NCB. Furthermore, configuration and concentration of bile acids and bilirubin in C. bovis are responsible for the difference of pharmacological effects in four types C. bovis. The next study should focus on the structure-function relationship of bile acids and bilirubin in C. bovis by pharmacokinetics.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the potential roles of Nogo-A/Nogo-66 receptor 1 (NgR1) in autophagic activation in the ipsilateral thalamus after cerebral infarction. Focal neocortical infarction was established using the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method. Secondary damage in the ipsilateral thalamus was assessed by Nissl staining and immunostaining. The expression of Nogo-A, NgR1, Rho-A and Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) as well as autophagic flux were evaluated by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. The roles of Nogo-A-NgR1 signaling in autophagic activation were determine...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Xie X, Li T Abstract Objective: We investigated the risk of ischaemic stroke in patients with 1 another stroke risk factor (i.e. CHA2DS2-VASc score =1 [males] or 2 [females]) and the impact of different component risk factors.Methods: Database were collected from two hospitals in the city of Hohhot in china. Among 3148 Nonvalvular AF patients not on antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy, we evaluated males with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 and females with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 2. The clinical endpoint was the occurrence of ischaemic stroke.Results: Among 546 AF male patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc scor...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that uninterrupted DOAC is not superior to VKA in patients undergoing catheter ablation of AF with comparable rates of major bleeding and stroke. PMID: 32056498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Toyoda S, Tokoi S, Takekawa H, Matsumoto H, Inami S, Sakuma M, Arikawa T, Abe S, Nakajima T, Hirata K, Inoue T Abstract BACKGROUND: Although flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) of brachial artery and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) are important surrogate markers in the process of atherosclerosis, information about relationship between both markers is insufficient. In the present study, we assessed extensively the relationship in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The values of brachial FMD and carotid ultrasonography findings in 159 patients (67±8 yr, 130 males) with angiog...
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports, Volume 22Author(s): Olga Azevedo, Miguel F. Gago, Gabriel Miltenberger-Miltenyi, Ana Raquel Robles, Maria Antónia Costa, Olga Pereira, Ana Teresa Vide, Gonçalo Castelo Branco, Sónia Simões, Maria José Guimarães, Ana Salgado, Nuno Sousa, Damião CunhaAbstractBackgroundThe common GLA gene mutation p.F113L causes late-onset phenotype of Fabry disease (FD) with predominant cardiac manifestations. A founder effect of FD due to this mutation was found in the Portuguese region of Guimarães. Our stu...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Authors: Kishimoto H, Yodu A, Kohno Y, Oose H Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between changes in nutritional status and the functional outcome of adult post-stroke patients hospitalized for rehabilitation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study Subjects: Post-stroke patients who were admitted to a convalescent rehabilitation ward. METHODS: On admission and discharge, the nutritional status of each subject was assessed using the "controlling nutritional status" system. Activities of daily living were assessed using the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Patients were divided i...
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ornello R, Canonico M, Merki-Feld GS, Kurth T, Lidegaard Ø, MacGregor EA, Lampl C, Nappi RE, Martelletti P, Sacco S Abstract Introduction. Migraine and combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) increase the risk of ischemic stroke in young women; however, the contribution of low-dose (
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research
ConclusionInfarction location in the cerebellum and/or dorsal brainstem is an independent predictor of vertigo. Furthermore, larger infarction volume in these structures is associated with vertigo. A considerable proportion of patients with vascular vertigo present without focal neurological deficits posing a diagnostic challenge. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale is not sensitive for vertebrobasilar stroke.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients with HCM may have higher plasma D-dimer levels than subjects without HCM. D-dimer levels in patients with HCM are influenced by age, sex, atrial fibrillation, statin therapy and diastolic blood pressure. PMID: 32057272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
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