The assessment of severe lexical disorders in Italian individuals with aphasia

AbstractTests and batteries used in the evaluation of language impairments are overly complex and often ineffective (too difficult) in the assessment of post-stroke patients affected by severe aphasia (global aphasia). The present study reports details on the construction and standardization of a new Italian battery of tasks, specifically designed to assess severe lexical disorders in acquired aphasia (Battery for the Assessment of Severe Acquired Lexical Damage in Italian, BASALDI). The battery is composed of a common set of 64 stimuli (concrete nouns), belonging to both living and non-living categories, and consists of four lexical tasks assessing picture naming, repetition, reading aloud, and oral comprehension. The item selection was based on word frequency, word length, and phonological-articulatory complexity, namely the presence ofcontinuant vs.plosive phones, a variable that may interact with word production in case of severe language damage. Standardization (naming agreement) of a new set of 64 colored images and normative data on Italian healthy subjects pooled across homogenous subgroups for age, gender, and education are reported. Finally, for the four tasks, percentile ranks andz-scores were calculated from a pool of 92 left brain-damaged patients affected by aphasia of different types and severity. The battery allows a fine investigation of lexical disorders, being suitable for diagnostic assessment of mild-to-moderate and severe aphasic lexical deficits, detect...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Informant ratings of executive function does not measure the same construct as, and cannot be used as a substitute for, standardised neuropsychological tests. Informant ratings of executive function do not provide information that is relevant to the understanding of functional communication in people with severe aphasia. PMID: 32250334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Objective To determine the contributions of apraxia of speech (AOS) and anomia to conversational dysfluency. Methods In this observational study of 52 patients with chronic aphasia, 47 with concomitant AOS, fluency was quantified using correct information units per minute (CIUs/min) from propositional speech tasks. Videos of patients performing conversational, how-to and picture-description tasks, word and sentence repetition, and diadochokinetic tasks were used to diagnose AOS using the Apraxia of Speech Rating Scale (ASRS). Anomia was quantified by patients' scores on the 30 even-numbered items from the Boston Naming Te...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: MRI, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Aphasia, Apraxia Research Source Type: research
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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion Memory is an important part of what distinguishes higher order species from others. Memory also is part of one’s self-identity. Difficulties in short-term memory can make common, everyday tasks difficult for the person experiencing the problem particularly if it recently occurred and the person’s long-term memory is intact. Difficulties with long-term memory can also have problems when language, events or even one’s own identity are affected. For some people the memory loss is temporary but for others, memory impairments are permanent and must be accepted and accommodated as part of the overall...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first observation of SD occurring after cSDH evacuation. SD occurred at a rate of 15% and was associated with neurological deterioration. This may represent a novel mechanism for otherwise unexplained fluctuating neurological deficit after cSDH evacuation. This could provide a new therapeutic target, and SD-targeted therapies should be evaluated in prospective clinical trials. PMID: 32217801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research
Conditions:   Post-stroke Depression;   Post-stroke Aphasia Interventions:   Behavioral: Intensive communicative-pragmatic social interaction.;   Behavioral: Standard care. Sponsor:   University Medicine Greifswald Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Aphasic discourse has been investigated through two major approaches: a micro-linguistic approach and a macro one, but the separate analysis of the micro and macro aspects of aphasic discourse has led to a noticeable gap between them. Cohesion analysis is one of the possible ways that can directly connect these two aspects. However, few studies have investigated cohesion in aphasic discourse in an integrated manner. The present study employs a mixed-methods approach to examine whether and how patients with fluent and non-fluent stroke-induced aphasia differ from normal individuals in the cohesion of their...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: Journal of Neurolinguistics, Volume 55Author(s): Anastasios M. Georgiou, Ioannis Phinikettos, Chrysa Giasafaki, Maria Kambanaros
Source: Journal of Neurolinguistics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusions The WIM and the MATTR are promising measures that quantify lexical diversity in different and complementary ways. The WIM may be more useful for quantifying the effect of treatment or disease progression, whereas the MATTR may be more useful for discriminating discourse produced by people with very mild aphasia from discourse produced by neurotypical controls. Further validation is required. PMID: 32191154 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
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