Targeting Inflammation and Immune System in Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Targeting Inflammation and Immune System in Acute Myocardial Infarction. Acta Med Indones. 2019 Oct;51(4):287-289 Authors: Alwi I Abstract Over more than two decades, the concept of atherosclerosis has developed and lead to inflammatory hypothesis. Inflammation plays an important role on pathogenesis of atherothrombosis and coronary heart disease (CHD), including acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Although the management of ACS has been demonstrated to be beneficial for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (such as using statin and aspirin) and also seemed to have positive effect on inflammation, the identification of effective management, specifically targeting inflammation, has been not been comprehensively understood.The Canakinumab Anti-inflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study (CANTOS) supported targeting inflammation as a potential effective treatment for chronic coronary heart disease. In the CANTOS study, canakinumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits interleukin-1β, reduced the level of hsCRP and caused lower risk of composite endpoint of death due to cardiovascular diseases, myocardial infarct or stroke compared to placebo. However, non-specific anti-inflammatory treatment using methotrexate in the Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial (CIRT) study did not show any reduced hsCRP and demonstrated that there is no benefit associated with cardiovascular outcomes, which left us with a question whether direct intervention on inflammat...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research

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SummaryBackgroundPharmacological treatment options for adolescents with obesity are very limited. Glucagon ‐like‐peptide‐1 (GLP‐1) receptor agonist could be a treatment option for adolescent obesity.ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of exenatide extended release on body mass index (BMI) ‐SDS as primary outcome, and glucose metabolism, cardiometabolic risk factors, liver steatosis, and other BMI metrics as secondary outcomes, and its safety and tolerability in adolescents with obesity.MethodsSix ‐month, randomized, double‐blinded, parallel, placebo‐controlled clinical trial in patients (n = 44, 10‐18&thin...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we examined the effect of chemical structure, octanol/water partition coefficient (log P), and Henry’s law constant (Hc) on the encapsulation and the release of monoterpenes (eucalyptol, pulegone, terpineol, and thymol) and phenylpropenes (estragole and isoeugenol) from DCLs. Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin/EO component (HP-β-CD/EO component) inclusion complexes were prepared in aqueous solution and loaded into liposomes by the ethanol injection method. The phospholipid:cholesterol:EO component molar ratio determined for DCL structures was affected by characteristics of EO components. The presen...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Afroditi Kapourani, Elisavet Vardaka, Konstantinos Katopodis, Kyriakos Kachrimanis, Panagiotis BarmpalexisAbstractThe correlation between glass forming ability (GFA) and several thermophysical or physicochemical properties of APIs with the formation and the physical stability of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) was evaluated in the present study. Eight poorly water-soluble APIs belonging in different GFA classes (i.e. a) GFA Class I: Carbamazepine, CBZ, b) GFA Class II: Agomelatine, AGO, Aprepitant, APT, Rivaroxaba...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Yao-Chang Liu, Jen-Pi Tsai, Li-Hsuan Wang, Ming-Che Lee, Bang-Gee HsuAbstractBackgroundFibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) has a role in arterial stiffness (AS) apart from regulating mineral metabolism. We investigated the association between FGF-23 concentration and peripheral AS in renal transplantation (RT) recipients.MethodsThe fasting blood samples of RT recipients (n=66) were collected and analyzed.ResultsA total of 29 (43.9%) RT recipients were classified under the peripheral AS group. The RT recipients in this group had a hig...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Adding this ingredient to your diet could halve the risk of dying from a heart attack or stroke. → Support PsyBlog for just $5 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Heart Disease Source Type: blogs
Conclusions In recent years, there have been many advances in the understanding of the molecular basis for vascular involvement in APS, but many areas need to be further investigated, in particular the association between altered genetic/epigenetic profiles, autoantibodies and clinical manifestations, and the effectiveness of new therapeutic strategies. It would be interesting to apply next generation sequencing technologies like RNA-Seq along with GWAS to screen both, the gene profile and the whole transcriptome of large cohorts of primary APS patients, in order to reveal the mutations/polymorphisms, post-transcriptiona...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our study suggested that incident CHD was positively associated with plasma levels of titanium and arsenic, and inversely associated with selenium. Additional research is needed to confirm these findings in other populations. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1521 Received: 22 December 2016 Revised: 17 September 2017 Accepted: 19 September 2017 Published: 19 October 2017 Address correspondence to T. Wu, or A. Pan, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13 Hongkong Rd., Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China. Telephone: +86-27-83692347. Email: wut@mails.tjmu.edu.cn or p...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the analyses do not permit us to predict the trajectory that maximum lifespans will follow in the future, and hence provide no support for their central claim that the maximum lifespan of humans is "fixed and subject to natural constraints". This is largely a product of the limited data available for analysis, owing to the challenges inherent in collecting and verifying the lifespans of extremely long-lived individuals. A reply from Jan Vijg's research group The authors of the accompanying comment disagree with our finding of a limit to human lifespan. Although we thank them for a...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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