Predicting sporadic Alzheimer's disease progression via inherited Alzheimer's disease-informed machine-learning.

DISCUSSION: Our independently validated machine-learning model predicted cognitive decline in sporadic prodromal AD and may substantially reduce sample size needed in clinical trials in AD. PMID: 32043733 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Neuropsychological testing and MRI remain the most widely used diagnostic tests by DLB specialists. Other tests-particularly indicative biomarkers-are used only selectively. Research is needed to validate existing potential DLB biomarkers, develop new biomarkers, and investigate mechanisms to improve DLB diagnosis. PMID: 33009039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among elderly individuals with AD, sex modified the effects of the APOE ε4 allele on region-specific tau deposition and gray matter volume. FACs had elevated brain region-specific tau PET SUVR and decreased gray matter volume in comparison to NFACs. The study provides a basis for the use of precision medicine in the diagnosis of AD and evaluation of therapeutics using 18F-AV-1451 PET and structural MRI.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and an independent component analysis (ICA) approach to explore changes in functional connectivity (FC) in the default mode network (DMN), executive control network (ECN), and salience network (SN). Thirty patients with aMCI and 30 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled. All the participants underwent an rs-fMRI scan. The brain FC in DMN, ECN, and SN was calculated using the ICA approach. We found that the FC of brain regions in DMN decreased significantly and that of brain regions in ECN increased, which was in accordance with the findings of prev...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Plasma matrix metalloproteinases-2, -8, -9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 and -2 levels are associated with white matter lesions in the mild cognitive impairment stage of Alzheimer's disease. PMID: 32781961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Alzheimer Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Alzheimer Res Source Type: research
In this study, we applied a well studied prediction model developed on data from five CpG sites, to increase the practicability of these tests. We have determined the biological age of the heart, specifically of the right atrium (RA) and left atrium (LA), and of peripheral blood leucocytes, by measuring the mitotic telomere length (TL) and the non-mitotic epigenetic age (DNAmAge). We found that DNAmAge, of both atrial tissues (RA and LA), was younger in respect to the chronological age (-12 years). Furthermore, no significant difference existed between RA and LA, suggesting that, although anatomically diverse and ex...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study retrospectively examined the effectiveness and differences in using both traditional and social media materials for the recruitment of African American (AA) versus non-Hispanic white (NHW) participants for a prospective, longitudinal study examining preclinical AD and driving outcomes. Participants needed to be at least 65  years old, drive at least an average of once weekly, own a vehicle that was manufactured in 1996 or later, and agree to cognitive testing, psychometric testing, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), brain amyloid positron emission tomography (PET), and cerebrospinal fluid collection vi...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Early identification of dementia at the stage of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is crucial for timely diagnosis and intervention of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although several pioneering studies have been devoted to automated AD diagnosis based on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), their performance is somewhat limited due to non-effective mining of spatial-temporal dependency. Besides, few of these existing approaches consider the explicit detection and modeling of discriminative brain regions (i.e., network hubs) that are sensitive to AD progression. In this paper, we propose a unique S...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
n E Abstract Tau pathology and brain atrophy are the closest correlate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Understanding heterogeneity and longitudinal progression of atrophy during the disease course will play a key role in understanding AD pathogenesis. We propose a framework for longitudinal clustering that simultaneously: 1) incorporates whole brain data, 2) leverages unequal visits per individual, 3) compares clusters with a control group, 4) allows for study confounding effects, 5) provides cluster visualization, 6) measures clustering uncertainty. We used amyloid-β positive AD and negativ...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
In conclusion, our method can accurately predict scan type, and can quickly and automatically sort a brain MRI dataset virtually without the need for manual verification. In this way, our method can assist with properly organizing a dataset, which maximizes the shareability and integrity of the data.
Source: Neuroinformatics - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: Long-known music activates a bilateral network of prefrontal, emotional, motor, auditory, and subcortical regions (cerebellum, putamen, limbic structures). This extensive activation, relative to recently-heard music, may offer structural and functional clues as to why long-term musical memory appears to be relatively preserved among cognitively impaired older persons.
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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