An agent-based model about the effects of fake news on a norovirus outbreak.

CONCLUSION: How feasible it is to achieve these targets within communication networks (online and offline) should be explored. PMID: 32037129 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue d Epidemiologie et de Sante Publique - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique Source Type: research

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Contributors : Christine Yu ; Kaoru Hida ; Efstathia PapafragkouSeries Type : Expression profiling by genome tiling arrayOrganism : Allium fistulosum ; Apium graveolens ; Astrovirus sp. ; Bacillus subtilis ; Coxsackievirus ; Hepatitis E virus ; Hepatovirus A ; Norovirus ; Rotavirus ; Sapovirus ; Solanum lycopersicum ; unidentified adenovirusThe capability of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Enteric Viruses tiling microarray (FDA-EVIR) was assessed for rapid molecular identification of human norovirus (NoV) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) extracted from artificially inoculated fresh produce. Two published viral extraction ...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by genome tiling array Allium fistulosum Apium graveolens Astrovirus sp. Bacillus subtilis Coxsackievirus Hepatitis E virus Hepatovirus A Norovirus Rotavirus Sapovirus Solanum lycopersicum unidentified adenovir Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the epidemiological and genetic features of NoV outbreaks from July 2014 to June 2018 in Huzhou, China. A total of 450 stool samples collected from 51 AGE outbreaks were tested for NoVs by real-time RT PCR. Partial polymerase and capsid sequences of NoV-positive samples were amplified and sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. NoVs were found to be responsible of 84.3% of AGE outbreaks in Huzhou over the past 5 years. Most NoV outbreaks were reported in the cool months (November-March) and occurred in primary schools and kindergartens. Changes in the diversity of genotypes and the distribution of p...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
by Carly Adams, David Young, Paul A. Gasta ñaduy, Prabasaj Paul, Zach Marsh, Aron J. Hall, Benjamin A. Lopman The role of individual case characteristics, such as symptoms or demographics, in norovirus transmissibility is poorly understood. Six nursing home norovirus outbreaks occurring in South Carolina, U.S. from 2014 to 2016 were examined. We aimed to quantify the contribution of symptoms and other cas e characteristics in norovirus transmission using the reproduction number (REi) as an estimate of individual case infectivity and to examine how transmission changes over the course of an outbreak. Individual esti...
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Hanisch FG, Aydogan C Abstract Norovirus infections belong to the most common causes of human gastroenteritis worldwide, and epidemic outbreaks are responsible for hundreds of thousands deaths annually. Strikingly, no antiviral treatment is available due to the difficulty in cultivating virions or in generating a vaccine, and due to the fact that their infection mechanisms are poorly understood. However, there is consent that noroviruses bind to histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) on their way through the digestive tract. The HBGA profiles vary individually, making people more or less susceptible to differe...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research
We seem to be stuck in a nonstop news cycle about the new coronavirus that is causing an illness called COVID-19. Many parents are understandably sharing concerns, too — at least among friends and families. It’s also possible that teenagers are talking to their own friends and surfing the web and social media sites to gather information, including potential misinformation. How can you make sure teenagers are informed just enough without feeling overwhelmed, yet also have accurate information? Your teen already may be asking many questions. Even if not, it might be a good idea to find out what your teen has hear...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Infectious diseases Parenting Source Type: blogs
Human noroviruses (NVs) are the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. The majority of outbreaks are caused by genogroup II.4 (GII.4), with new variants emerging every 2 to 4 years. Immunocompromised patients are hypothesized to be important reservoirs where new NV variants emerge. Here, we examined intra-host NV variants and assessed immune-driven NV evolution in chronically infected immunocompromised hosts. Three NV GII.4-positive samples were collected from the same patient in different clinical phases following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and had viral RNA concentrations of ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Kevin Connolly says his father-in-law credits the Life Care Center of Kirkland, Washington with “giving him his life back.” It’s where he recovered from hospice care, flirted with nurses and enjoyed eating chicken pot pie. But now, it’s where Connolly worries the 81-year-old will die because of what he says has been a bungled response to the coronavirus outbreak that has devastated the nursing home facility, which is linked to at least 13 of the 19 coronavirus deaths that had been reported in the U.S. as of Sunday morning. “I can no longer sit around and wait for a phone call to tell me my lo...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized coronavirus COVID-19 elder care nursing homes Source Type: news
ConclusionThe probability of virus detection is independent of the time between notification of the outbreak or symptom onset and sample collection. Our results suggest possible defects in cleaning protocols and disinfection in closed and semi-closed settings.
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(University of East Anglia) The rise of fake news could be making disease outbreaks worse -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). Researchers focused on influenza, monkeypox and norovirus across two studies -- but they say their findings could also be useful for dealing with the COVID-19 Coronavirus outbreak.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
The outbreak has prompted an investigation by state health officials.
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
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