Sex Differences in People Aging With HIV

Background: To evaluate differences between older women and men with HIV regarding HIV variables, comorbidity, physical function, and quality of life (QOL). Setting: The Modena HIV clinic. Methods: Prospective cohort study. Cross-sectional analysis. Patients>50 years were included, stratified by sex. We recorded sociodemographic data, comorbidities, variables related to HIV infection, frailty, data on body composition, physical function, physical activity, and QOL. Results: We evaluated 1126 older adults with HIV, of which 284 (25.2%) were women. Median age was 55 (IQR 6) years. There were significant differences between women and men in the median current CD4+ T-cell and the mean CD4/CD8 ratio. There were differences regarding alcohol consumption, cardiovascular (CV) disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and renal failure. Sarcopenia and slower gait speed were found more prevalent among men, but without significant differences. Significant differences were found regarding lower extremity strength measured by the chair stand test and in the short physical performance battery score. Short physical performance battery
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research

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Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of regular care and patient follow-up. Introduction Status epilepticus (SE) is a condition and most extreme form of epilepsy (1), which leads to abnormal and prolonged seizure (at least 5 min). In case SE persists over 30 min, it may have severe long-term consequences (2). Referring to the new classification scheme of SE, there are two operational dimensions of the definition: time point 1 (T1) is associated with abnormally prolonged seizure, when therapy should be initiated, while time point 2 (T2) is related to the time of on-going seizure activity involving a risk...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: An increase in blood pressure levels may alter the risk of death from certain causes other than cardiovascular diseases, a well-known outcome of hypertension, although the mechanism of these associations is not well documented. PMID: 30514060 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Jordan J, Kurschat C, Reuter H Abstract BACKGROUND: Essential arterial hypertension is one of the main treatable cardiovascular risk factors. In Germany, approximately 13% of women and 18% of men have uncontrolled high blood pressure (≥ 140/90 mmHg). METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search in PubMed. RESULTS: Arterial hypertension is diagnosed when repeated measurements in a doctor's office yield values of 140/90 mmHg or higher. The diagnosis should be confirmed by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring or by home measurement. Furt...
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 20 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Information This test series requires login for attempting. You can login easily with your Facebook account (Use the CONNECT WITH icon on the upper part of right sidebar displaying t...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThere was a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the elderly, and the evidence shows a strong association between vitamin D deficiency and increased risk of heart failure in this population.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is azooanthroponosis affecting both rural and peri-urban areas, and can also spread into urban areas. Although more than 90% of new cases are reported from six countries: Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, South Sudan and Sudan, VL has emerged in many countries in the world, presenting new cases in new countries of occurrence. Thus, studies concerning epidemiological aspects in different world regions are very meaningful.In this purpose, this study aimed analyze 89 cases of VL, treated between June 2006 and June 2014 at Eduardo de Menezes Hospital (HEM), a Reference Center of...
Source: Current Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Clin Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this longitudinal sample of older men, the findings supported the hypothesis that long-term PM2.5 exposure negatively affects renal function and increases renal function decline. Citation: Mehta AJ, Zanobetti A, Bind MC, Kloog I, Koutrakis P, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz JD. 2016. Long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and renal function in older men: the VA Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 124:1353–1360; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510269 Address correspondence to A.J. Mehta, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Landmar...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Article September 2016 Source Type: research
IntroductionCarotid stenting (CAS) has been widely used since the seminal CREST trial, demonstrating equivalent results to carotid endarterectomy (CEA). With normal surgical risk patients having symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid artery disease, CAS and CEA, in qualified hands, have comparable outcomes, but patient-specific risk factors to estimate functional outcome were poorly studied. In practice, the choice between CEA and CAS is based on lesion anatomy and preference of patient and surgeon rather than considering defined risk factors associated with unfavorable outcome. We aimed to determine medical risk factors for ...
Source: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Oral abstracts Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere were no differences in hospital outcome among races/ethnicities in endovascular thrombectomy outcomes for acute stroke patients in the Premier data. Racial/ethnic disparities play role for patients’ selection not for patients’ outcome in endovascular thrombectomy.DisclosuresS. Park: None. M. Pilot: None. M. Alexander: 1; C; Consultant for Stryker Neurovascular, Medtronic, and Penumbra, Inc. A. Rosengart: None.
Source: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Oral poster abstracts Source Type: research
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