RFDCR: Automated brain lesion segmentation using cascaded random forests with dense conditional random fields

Publication date: Available online 11 February 2020Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Gaoxiang Chen, Qun Li, Fuqian Shi, Islem Rekik, Li Wang, Zhifang PanSegmentation of brain lesions from magnetic resonance images (MRI) is an important step for disease diagnosis, surgical planning, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, due to noise, motion, and partial volume effects, automated segmentation of lesions from MRI is still a challenging task. In this paper, we propose a two-stage supervised learning framework for automatic brain lesion segmentation. Specifically, in the first stage, intensity-based statistical features, template-based asymmetric features, and GMM-based tissue probability maps are used to train the initial random forest classifier. Next, the dense conditional random field optimizes the probability maps from the initial random forest classifier and derives the whole tumor regions referred as the region of interest (ROI). In the second stage, the optimized probability maps are further intergraded with features from the intensity-based statistical features and template-based asymmetric features to train subsequent random forest, focusing on classifying voxels within the ROI. The output probability maps will be also optimized by the dense conditional random fields, and further used to iteratively train a cascade of random forests. Through hierarchical learning of the cascaded random forests and dense conditional random fields, the multimodal local and global appearance i...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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