Cancers, Vol. 12, Pages 414: Targeting Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) in Pediatric Colorectal Cancer

Conclusions: Our results suggest performing mutational screening for colorectal cancer also in the pediatric setting, in order to orient treatment that should include targeted therapies.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Shuji Nakamoto, Kiyoshi Tanaka, Eiichiro Watanabe, Noriko Takeda, Takatoshi Nakamura, Yusuke KumamotoAbstractColorectal cancer is a rare disease in children. It is often diagnosed at an advanced stage, meaning that these patients often require a multidisciplinary treatment approach. This is a case report of advanced cecal cancer in a teenager who was treated with cytoreductive surgery and long-term chemotherapy with molecular targeted agents.A previously healthy 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital with a t...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of international guidelines and ethical standards with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Kunming General Hospital, China. miRNAs, Plasmids, Transfection, and Irradiation To predict miRNAs with potential binding sites in the 3′UTR of PHLDA2, Targetscan (http://www.targetscan.org/), miRanda (http://www.microrna.org/), and Diana database (http://diana.cslab,ece.nura.gr/) algorithms were u...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study was supported in part by the National Cancer Center Research and Development Fund (25-A-7 and 28-A-8); Health and Labor Science Research Grants for Clinical Research, Japan; and joint research funding from Takeda Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd.; Noile-Immune Biotech Inc.; Ono Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.; BrightPath Biotherapeutics Co., Ltd.; and Sysmex Co., Ltd. This study was performed as part of a research program of the Project for Development of Innovative Research on Cancer Therapeutics (P-Direct), Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan. Conflict of Interest Statement TN, TS, and TY ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We present a case study of a 12-year-old female with advanced colorectal cancer without a predisposing disease or syndrome, who received radio-chemotherapy ten weeks prior to radical abdominopelvic surgery, followed by radio-chemotherapy postoperatively, with a positive outcome.
Source: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Colorectal carcinoma in children and adolescents is extremely rare, with an annual incidence 
Source: J Egypt Natl Canc In... - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Egypt Natl Canc Inst Source Type: research
ConclusionNotch is a  binary cell fate determinant and its overexpression has been described as oncogenic in a wide array of human malignancies. This finding led to interest in therapeutically targeting this pathway, especially by the use of gamma-secretase inhibitors (GSIs) blocking the cleavage of Notch receptors at the cell membrane by the inhibition of Notch intracellular domain (NICD) releasing. Preclinical cancer models have revealed that GSIs suppress the growth of cancers such as pancreatic, breast and lung cancer.
Source: European Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis prospective report on pediatric GI tract carcinomas confirms the rarity and biological aggressiveness of these diseases in pediatric and adolescent age. Further prospective studies are needed to explore the distinct biology of tumor in this age group in order to find new therapeutic targeted agents.
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
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