Lobe-specific outcomes of surgery for lung cancer patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias

ConclusionsSite of the resected lobe in lung cancer is not a prognostic factor of surgical mortality and morbidity in patients with IIPs. However, the impact of upper lobectomy on postoperative respiratory function reduction is larger than lower lobectomy in non-CPFE patients.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

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AbstractThe aim of our study is a retrospective evaluation of effectiveness and safety of Computed Tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy of primary and metastatic lung lesions in patients that cannot be considered surgical candidates. From February 2007 to September 2017, we performed 264 CT-guided ablation sessions on 264 lesions in 174 patients (112  M and 62 F; mean age, 68 years; range 36–83 years) affected by primary and metastatic lung lesions. The 45% of patients was affected by primary lung cancer, with size range lesion of 10–50 mm, and the 55% by metastatic l...
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
LARYNGEAL EMPHYSEMA, or air surrounding the larynx, is a potentially life-threatening complication usually described in the context of an upper aerodigestive tract injury.1,2 However, in the context of elective thoracoscopic surgery for pulmonary resection, upper airway compromise from laryngeal emphysema is rare, with few reported cases in the literature.3 In this setting, the mechanistic processes involved in the development and progression of laryngeal emphysema are unclear. Herein a case of a life-threatening upper airway obstruction from laryngeal emphysema after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for lung cancer is presented.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this study, quantifying the degree of perinodular or regional emphysema did not offer any benefit in the risk stratification of lung nodules.
Source: Journal of Thoracic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
We present an unusual case of massive haemothorax and haemoptysis caused by a PLC, in which haemostasis was secured with interventional radiology. A 58 ‐year‐old woman was hospitalized for a right secondary pneumothorax associated with emphysema. Chest computed tomography showed a mass shadow at the right lower lobe and on the right parietal pleura. Three days after air drainage, about 2000 mL of bloody pleural effusion accompanied by massive h aemoptysis was observed. Haemoglobin concentration decreased to 4.9 g/dL and the patient was treated with selective embolization of the bronchial artery and the intercostal arte...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the impact of coal mining and resurgence of coal workers’ pneumoconiosis (CWP) in 21st century and effect of ambient air pollution on lung function. Recent findings At the beginning of 21st century, statistics by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health showed a steep rise in pneumoconiosis. This was followed by numerous epidemiologic and pathologic studies that confirmed increasing CWP prevalence as well as disease in younger miners and those with a shorter mining tenure. Recent studies have demonstrated that poor dust control in mines, a relative shift in composition of...
Source: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: OBSTRUCTIVE, OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL DISEASES: Edited by Manish Joshi and Basil Varkey Source Type: research
ConclusionsAppropriate patient follow-up of clinically significant IFs from lung cancer screening is a well-recognized avenue to improve population health. Education level is a significant independent predictor of appropriate follow-up of IFs, whether as a surrogate for low socioeconomic status or as an indication of health literacy. To address these realities, lung screening shared decision making should adapt to consider health care access and health literacy.
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2020Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Qinhua Hu, Luís Fabrício de F. Souza, Gabriel Bandeira Holanda, Shara S.A. Alves, Francisco Hércules dos S. Silva, Tao Han, Pedro P. Rebouças FilhoAbstractComputer vision systems have numerous tools to assist in various medical fields, notably in image diagnosis. Computed tomography (CT) is the principal imaging method used to assist in the diagnosis of diseases such as bone fractures, lung cancer, heart disease, and emphysema, among others. Lung cancer is one of the four main causes of death i...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Conclusions: PVS is a smoother and easier instrument and has the same effectiveness and security as PLC. It leads to reduced operation difficulty and potential intraoperative complications. PMID: 31903253 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in both men and women in the United States, with an estimated 154,050 deaths expected to occur in 2018 [1]. Cigarette smoking has been linked to the development of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [2] and COPD has been found to be independently associated with an increased risk of developing lung cancer. A pooled analysis of 17 epidemiologic studies reported a 2.4-fold increase in risk of lung cancer associated with emphysema (ORmeta  = 2.44, 95% CI: 1.64, 3.62), and a 1.5-fold association with chronic bronchitis (ORmeta =...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Underner M, Peiffer G, Perriot J, Jaafari N Abstract Cocaine can be responsible for many psychiatric and/or somatic disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between cocaine use and pulmonary complications. Cocaine can be responsible for acute respiratory symptoms (cough, black sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain) and for various pulmonary disorders including barotrauma (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumopericardium), airway damage, asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, acute pulmonary edema, alve...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
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