Anthropometric And Body Composition Measurements Related To Osteoporosis In Geriatric Population

Conditions:   Osteoporosis Senile;   Obesity, Visceral Interventions:   Diagnostic Test: Body mass index;   Diagnostic Test: waist circumference;   Diagnostic Test: hip circumference;   Diagnostic Test: height;   Diagnostic Test: Fat percentage;   Diagnostic Test: Skeletal muscle index;   Diagnostic Test: A body shape index (ABSI);   Diagnostic Test: Dual energy x ray absorptiometry (DXA);   Diagnostic Test: The Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity (RAPA) aerobic assessment Sponsor:   Istanbul Medeniyet University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Authors: Milisic L, Vegar-Zubovic S, Valjevac A, Hasanovic-Vučković S Abstract OBJECTIVES: Although dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is gold standard for osteoporosis diagnosis, several reports have shown discordant T-score values measured by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and DXA especially in obese subjects, but it is still not clear whether BMD measurement by two modalities is affected by overall obesity or central obesity in postmenopausal females. Therefore, the aims of this study were to compare BMD and T-scores by DXA and QCT and to evaluate whether these two osteoporosis assessment modalitie...
Source: Current Aging Science - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Curr Aging Sci Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/09/fat-tissue-surrounds-skeletal-muscle-to-accelerate-atrophy-in-aging-and-obesity/ Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we intended to investigate the validity of TBS as marker of bone quality in obese post-menopausal women. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three hundred fifty-two post-menopausal women were consecutively enrolled in the study and underwent anthropometric and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) examination. DXA-based BMD was used to classify subjects into osteoporotic (9%), osteopenic (58%), and controls (33%) categories. As TBS is sometimes sensitive to the effects of increased image noise with higher BMI, a corrected version of the TBS (TBS*) was also used to assess bone microarchitecture quality in this cohor...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
In conclusion, osteoporosis is prevalent among RA patients, as a part of a complex transformation of body mass composition, involving BMI and fat mass. The novel QUS scanning technique was able to replicate the results of the established DXA measurement of BMD and is potentially suitable for screening wide populations for osteoporosis. PMID: 31410123 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Purpose of review Adrenal tumors occur in 5% of population with higher prevalence in elderly. Patients with adrenal tumors present with overt hormonal excess in up to 15% of cases, and mild autonomous cortisol secretion in 30–40% of cases. Overt Cushing syndrome, mild autonomous cortisol secretion, pheochromocytoma, and primary aldosteronism have been associated with higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Increasing experimental and clinical evidence also suggests that adrenal hormone excess is detrimental to bone health. This review aims to discuss the effect of cortisol, aldosterone, and catecholamine exc...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - Category: Endocrinology Tags: ADRENAL CORTEX AND MEDULLA: Edited by Irina Bancos Source Type: research
Influence of Habitual Physical Behavior – Sleeping, Sedentarism, Physical Activity – On Bone Health in Community-Dwelling Older People Gladys Onambele-Pearson1*, Jorgen Wullems1,2, Conor Doody1, Declan Ryan1,3, Christopher Morse1 and Hans Degens4,5,6 1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom 2Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium 3Faculty of Health and Society, University of Northampton, Northampton, United Kingdom 4School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom 5In...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Prescriptions for osteoporosis medications for persons with a SCI declined in recent years. The strongest predictors for having filled these prescriptions were having had a DXA or a prevalent fracture. PMID: 30888309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Spinal Cord Med Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionBariatric surgery is used to treat severe obesity. We aimed to investigate the incidence of clinically significant bone mineral density (BMD) loss at 6 and 12  months after bariatric surgery.MethodsObservational study performed in a specialized center for the treatment of obesity at the University Hospital of Reims, France. Surface BMD was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). A reduction of>  0.03 g/cm2 was considered clinically significant.ResultsA total of 110 patients were included. A clinically significant reduction in BMD was observed in 62.1% of patients at 6  mon...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Park S, Na W, Sohn C Abstract Osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome is a condition including osteopenia, sarcopenia and obesity. A pro-inflammatory dietary pattern has been reported to be associated with obesity and osteoporosis. However, studies on the association of dietary inflammatory index with osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome in the Korean population are lacking. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between dietary inflammatory index and osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome among Korean postmenopausal women. We analyzed the 2009-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, con...
Source: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Clin Biochem Nutr Source Type: research
Abstract Body composition is known to be associated with several diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Body composition measurements are useful in assessing the effectiveness of nutritional interventions and monitoring the changes associated with growth and disease conditions. Changes in body composition occur when there is a mismatch between nutrient intake and requirement. Altered body composition is observed in conditions such as wasting and stunting when the nutritional intake may be inadequate. Overnutrition on the other hand leads to obesity. Many techn...
Source: The Indian Journal of Medical Research - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Indian J Med Res Source Type: research
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