Gambia: Labouring Farmers Show Why Premature Births May Boom in a Warmer World

[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Jali -As climate change brings more heat extremes, researchers are tracking the risks facing Gambia's pregnant farmers and their babies
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

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This study consists of a case series describing 13 single pregnancies of 11 women with a history of anorexia nervosa, and a cross-sectional study comparing 13 cases with 240 healthy controls. In the case group, nine cases conceived while underweight, including three who had fertility treatment. Anorexia symptoms during pregnancy were quite common, and pregnant smokers presented with extremely disturbed eating behaviors. In a cross-sectional study, premature birth and the standard deviations from the mean birth weight and mean head circumference at birth were evaluated as outcome measures. The adjusted odds ratios or the ad...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Preterm birth (PTB) is defined as birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation. The causes of PTB are multiple and complex, the underlying pathophysiology being largely unknown. Interferences in the fine-tuned balance of the maternal immune system have been pointed to as one possible cause of PTB. Regulatory B cells (Breg) are part of the adaptive immune response, and recent data suggest that they may contribute to a healthy pregnancy by their regulatory/suppressive function.We investigated the frequency of Breg cells in peripheral blood of women undergoing PTB and control women immediately before giving birth via cesarean...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Babies that end up in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) or pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are monitored via a complex collection of sensors, each of which has a wire connected to a patient monitor. While necessary, all this technology mak...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiology Critical Care Pediatrics Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: NRT used for smoking cessation in pregnancy may increase smoking cessation rates in late pregnancy. However, this evidence is of low certainty, as the effect was not evident when potentially biased, non-placebo-controlled RCTs were excluded from the analysis. Future studies may therefore change this conclusion. We found no evidence that NRT has either positive or negative impacts on birth outcomes; however, the evidence for some of these outcomes was also judged to be of low certainty due to imprecision and inconsistency. We found no evidence that bupropion may be an effective aid for smoking cessation during ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Extreme heat may trigger contractions and earlier birth.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Weather Premature Babies Temperature Birth Rates Pregnancy and Childbirth Source Type: news
Conclusions and Relevance Electroconvulsive therapy is a highly effective and safe treatment modality for unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and other psychiatric illnesses. Electroconvulsive therapy treatment in pregnancy requires a multidisciplinary team approach with obstetrics, maternal-fetal medicine, psychiatry, and anesthesiology, but is overall felt to be safe and effective. Target Audience Obstetricians and gynecologist, family medicine physicians. Learning Objectives After completing this activity, the learner should be better able to assess the current evidence and best practices regar...
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: CME ARTICLES Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings, we recommend multicomponent interventions to train healthcare providers, address systemic barriers and involve family members to support IFA supplement adherence and dietary changes. Future research will determine which strategies are most effective to reduce the burden of anaemia in India among pregnant and lactating women. PMID: 32090721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
Macrolide antibiotics could raise risk of birth defects Related items fromOnMedica Premature births linked to bacterial changes in vagina Tdap vaccination in pregnancy not linked to birth defects Poor asthma control in pregnancy linked to serious adverse outcomes TV programme overstates antidepressant risk during pregnancy SSRIs raise risk of rare neonatal hypertension
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
miano AE, Sánchez-Margalet V Abstract Water is the major component of cells and tissues. The fetal body consists of about 70-90% water and its fluid balance is dependent on the mother. In fact, abortion, premature birth, amniotic fluid volume abnormality, malformation and fetal growth restrictions might result when the homeostasis of the maternal-fetal fluid exchange is disrupted. Thus, maternal-fetal fluid balance is critical during pregnancy. In this sense, several mechanisms, including aquaporins (AQPs) have been reported to play important roles in maternal-fetal fluid balance. AQPs are small membrane pr...
Source: Vitamins and Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Vitam Horm Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyse maternal factors associated with prematurity in public maternity hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective unmatched case-control study on two public maternity hospitals in the State of Acre, Brazil. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 341 newborn infants of premature birth (
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
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