How Our Modern World Creates Outbreaks Like Coronavirus

“Everyone knows that pestilences have a way of recurring in the world,” observes Albert Camus in his novel The Plague. “Yet somehow we find it hard to believe in ones that crash down on our heads from a blue sky. There have been as many plagues as wars in history; yet plagues and wars always take people by surprise.” Camus was imagining a fictional outbreak of plague in 1948 in Oran, a port city in northwest Algeria. But at a time when the world is reeling from a very real microbial emergency sparked by the emergence of a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, central China, his observations are as pertinent as ever. Like the global emergency over Zika in 2015, or the emergency over the devastating West African Ebola outbreak the year before – or the global panic sparked by SARS (another coronavirus) in 2002-2003, the Wuhan coronavirus epidemic has once again wrong-footed medical experts and taken the world by surprise. Whether the Wuhan outbreak turns out to be a mild pandemic like the 2009 swine flu, or a more severe one like the 1918 Spanish flu, which killed 50 million people worldwide, at present no one can say. But if a century of pandemic responses has taught us anything, it is that while we may have gotten better at monitoring pandemic threats in what used to be called the “blank spaces” on the map, we also have a tendency to forget the lessons of medical history. The first of these is that epidemics of emerging infectious diseases app...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized 2019-nCoV health ideas Source Type: news

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Purpose of review This review attempts to give an update of epidemiological knowledge on head and neck cancers (HNC). Recent findings Worldwide, from 1990 to 2017, incidence rates for larynx and nasopharyngeal cancers decreased, whereas they increased for oro/hypopharyngeal cancers and lip/oral cavity cancers. They are still markedly higher among men than women. South Asia has the highest HNC incidence rate, followed by Europe, North America, and Australasia. Tobacco and alcohol remain the major risk factors. Rate of cancers attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) among HNCs is highly depending on world region and...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: HEAD AND NECK: Edited by Joël Guigay Source Type: research
Even as new and faster tests become available, lengthy delays to obtain results continue and test materials are running low, compounding the crises hospitals are facing.
Source: NYT - Category: American Health Authors: Tags: Tests (Medical) Shortages Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Hospitals Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Health Insurance and Managed Care Laboratories and Scientific Equipment Abbott Laboratories Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CVS Caremark Corpo Source Type: news
Arkansas' governor on Tuesday opposed allowing cities to issue their own stay-at-home orders during the coronavirus outbreak while the state resists such a restriction.
Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care - Category: American Health Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 6 April 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Dawn M. Angel, Robert S. Zeiger, Scott H. Sicherer, David A. Khan, Michael Schatz
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Autoimmunity ReviewsAuthor(s): Dennis McGonagle, Kassem Sharif, Anthony O'Regan, Charlie Bridgewood
Source: Autoimmunity Reviews - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
After planning for staffing and patient management at his institution, oncologist Don Dizon reflects on his personal risk in managing COVID-19-positive patients.Medscape Oncology
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Hematology-Oncology Commentary Source Type: news
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate PET response criteria in solid tumors (PERCIST) to indicate therapeutic response to definitive chemoradiotherapy, as well as prediction of recurrence and death in patients with esophageal cancer. Methods Before and after recieving definitive chemoradiotherapy, 181 patients with esophageal cancer underwent fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). PERCIST, reduction rates of tumor uptake and volume of whole lesions, tumor node metastasis (TNM) staging regarding progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using log-rank and Cox m...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Jeffrey Miron andErin PartinSome immigration opponents want lawmakers tocancel the H1B visa lottery, which admits 85,000 skilled immigrants per year. Their position may reflect a belief that high ‐​skilled immigration is especially dangerous during the COVID-19 pandemic. If so, they have the analysis backwards.Not only do highly skilled immigrants help U.S. companies develop new technologies and innovations; many serve on the front lines of the medical response to COVID-19.Medical professionals make up roughly5 percent of H1B visa applicants out of the top 100 occupations. These doctors, nurses, and technicia...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Purpose of review One of the defining trends of population movement in the last half century has been global urbanization. Depression is the most common mental disorder in the world, but it is unclear how urbanization and urban living affect depression outcomes. Grounded in a previously articulated conceptual framework, we systematically reviewed recently published studies on urbanization, urbanicity, and depression. Recent findings Eleven articles were included in this review. Four studies found that living in urban areas was associated with elevated odds or more symptoms of depression. Three studies – all done...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: THE IMPACT OF URBANISATION ON MENTAL HEALTH: Edited by Jair Mari Source Type: research
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