Cyclovirobuxine D inhibits cell proliferation and migration and induces apoptosis in human glioblastoma multiforme and low ‑grade glioma.

Cyclovirobuxine D inhibits cell proliferation and migration and induces apoptosis in human glioblastoma multiforme and low‑grade glioma. Oncol Rep. 2020 Jan 13;: Authors: Zhou L, Tang H, Wang F, Ou S, Wu T, Fang Y, Xu J, Guo K Abstract Gliomas are the most common neoplasm of the human central nervous system. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most serious types of gliomas. Although considerable progress has been made in the development of cancer therapeutic agents, several antineoplastic drugs fail to penetrate the blood‑brain barrier (BBB), resulting in a low survival rate of glioma patients. Recent studies have revealed that the traditional Chinese medicine Buxus microphylla contains the main active component Cyclovirobuxine D (CVB‑D), which can cross the BBB with a novel delivery system. However, it remains unclear whether CVB‑D exerts anticancer effects against GBM and low‑grade glioma (LGG). The aim of the present study was to explore the feasibility of CVB‑D as a new effective agent in the treatment of GBM and LGG. The ability of CVB‑D to inhibit GBM and LGG cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction by Annexin V‑FITC/PI assay. The expression levels of the apoptosis‑associated proteins, namely cleaved caspase‑3 and Bax/Bcl‑2, were detected by western blot analysis. The mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm...
Source: Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Rep Source Type: research

Related Links:

Interferon-β sensitizes human glioblastoma cells to the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, TG02. Oncol Lett. 2020 Apr;19(4):2649-2656 Authors: Lohmann B, Rhun EL, Silginer M, Epskamp M, Weller M Abstract Novel treatments for glioblastoma, the most common malignant primary brain tumor, are urgently required. Type I interferons (IFN) are natural cytokines primarily involved in the defense against viral infections, which may also serve a role in the control of cancer, notably in the suppression of the cancer stem cell phenotype. TG02 is a novel orally available cyclin-dependent kinase 9 inhibitor whi...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Abstract The prognosis of glioma is generally poor and is the cause of primary malignancy in the brain. The role of microRNAs has been implicated in tumour inhibition or activation. In several cancers, the Six1 signalling pathway has been found to be aberrant and also relates to the formation of tumours. We analysed the database for expression profiles and clinical specimens of various grades of glioma to assess microRNA-155-3p (miR-155-3p) expression. The role of miR-155-3p in glioblastoma, cell cycle, proliferation, apoptosis and resistance to temozolomide was assessed in vitro through flow cytometry and cell pr...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
Gliomas are complex and heterogeneous brain tumors with poor prognosis. Glioma cells can communicate with their surroundings to create a tumor-permissive microenvironment. Exosomes represent a new means of int...
Source: Molecular Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Expression of neuropeptides and their corresponding receptors has been demonstrated in different cancer types, where they can play a role in tumor cell growth, invasion, and migration. Human galanin (GAL) is a 30-amino-acid regulatory neuropeptide which acts through three G protein-coupled receptors, GAL1-R, GAL2-R, and GAL3-R that differ in their signal transduction pathways. GAL and galanin receptors (GALRs) are expressed by different tumors, and direct involvement of GAL in tumorigenesis has been shown. Despite its strong expression in the central nervous system (CNS), the role of GAL in CNS tumors has not been extensiv...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
We examined the effects of NOC-18, an NO donor, on the expression of PD-L1 in A172 glioblastoma cells. NOC-18 increased PD-L1 expression in A172 glioblastoma cells. Moreover, this increase is regulated via the JNK pathway. PMID: 32201424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
This study aimed to verify that connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is associated with the clinical prognosis of glioma, also to analyze the effect of CTGF on the biological function. METHODS: In this study, glioma and non-tumor tissue samples were obtained in 2012 to 2014 from the Department of Neurosurgery of Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Based on messenger RNA (mRNA) data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and CCGA dataset, combined with related clinical information, we detected the expression of CTGF mRNA in glioma and assessed its effect on the prognosis of glioma patients...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Cui Glioblastoma (GBM) is a grade IV glioma that is the most malignant brain tumor type. Currently, there are no effective and sufficient therapeutic strategies for its treatment because its pathological mechanism is not fully characterized. With the fast development of the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology, more than 170 kinds of covalent ribonucleic acid (RNA) modifications are found to be extensively present in almost all living organisms and all kinds of RNAs, including ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNAs). RNA modifications are also emerging as important modulators in ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: LINC00467 knockdown repressed cell proliferation but stimulated cell apoptosis in glioblastoma via miR-339-3p/IP6K2 axis, which may enlighten to find a novel therapeutic tactic for glioblastoma patients. PMID: 32176627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Biomarkers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Biomark Source Type: research
Abstract Although the treatment of brain tumors by targeting kinase-regulated macroautophagy/autophagy, is under investigation, the precise mechanism underlying autophagy initiation and its significance in glioblastoma (GBM) remains to be defined. Here, we report that PAK1 (p21 [RAC1] activated kinase 1) is significantly upregulated and promotes GBM development. The Cancer Genome Atlas analysis suggests that the oncogenic role of PAK1 in GBM is mainly associated with autophagy. Subsequent experiments demonstrate that PAK1 indeed serves as a positive modulator for hypoxia-induced autophagy in GBM. Mechanistically, ...
Source: Autophagy - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Autophagy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results presented here suggest that the ChemoID Assay has the potential to stratify individualized chemotherapy choices to improve recurrent and progressive high-grade glioma patient survival. IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY: Glioblastoma (GBM) and progressive anaplastic glioma are the most aggressive brain tumor in adults and their prognosis is very poor even if treated with the standard of care chemoradiation Stupp's protocol. Recent knowledge pointed out that current treatments often fail to successfully target cancer stem cells (CSCs) that are responsible for therapy resistance and recurrence of these mal...
Source: Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Transl Oncol Source Type: research
More News: Brain | Brain Cancers | Brain Tumor | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | China Health | Glioma | Neurology | Study