Management of Adult Lumbar Spine Problems for General Orthopaedic Surgeons: A Practical Guide.

Management of Adult Lumbar Spine Problems for General Orthopaedic Surgeons: A Practical Guide. Instr Course Lect. 2020;69:597-606 Authors: Hoffman EG, Jain D, Radcliff K, Fischer CR, Hilibrand AS, Razi AE Abstract Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for physician visits, leading to high heath care costs and disability. Patients may present to primary care physicians, pain management physicians, chiropractors, physical therapists, or surgeons with these complaints. A thorough history and physical examination coupled with judicious use of advanced imaging studies will aid in determining the etiology of the pain. As most cases of low back pain are self-limited and will not develop into chronic pain, nonsurgical treatment is the mainstay. First-line treatment includes exercise, superficial heat, massage, acupuncture, or spinal manipulation. Pharmacologic treatment should be reserved for patients unresponsive to nonpharmacologic treatment and may include NSAIDs or muscle relaxants. Surgery is reserved for patients with pain nonresponsive to a full trial of nonsurgical interventions and with imaging studies which are concordant with physical examination findings. PMID: 32017754 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Instructional Course Lectures - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Instr Course Lect Source Type: research

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Study Design. A prospective study of patients originally randomized to total disc replacement (TDR) or multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Objective. To assess the long-term development of facet arthropathy (FA) after TDR versus nonoperative treatment, and to analyze the association between FA and clinical outcome. Summary of Background Data. FA may appear or increase following TDR, but the natural course of FA is unclear, and no previous study has evaluated the long-term development of FA following TDR compared with nonoperative treatment. Methods. The study included 126 patients with chronic low back pain and de...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: RANDOMIZED TRIAL Source Type: research
This study contributes a vivid illustration of older adults' CLBP illness experiences that are substantially underpinned by helplessness, depression, and a drive to continue thriving in old age. Practice implications include the need for clinic-based mood and suicide assessment. PMID: 33033826 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Capacitive and Resistive electric transfer (CRet)-combined exercise therapy for participants with non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). Twenty-six received only the exercise program (E group, n = 15), or received both CRet and the same exercise program (E+CRet group, n = 11). Pain intensity, functional disability and trunk function were measured pre-, and post-intervention and there was also a 1-month follow-up period. Data analysis was performed for each index using the Mann-Whitney U test for comparisons between two groups at each time point, and ...
Source: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine - Category: Physics Tags: Electromagn Biol Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: RLBP patients are more disabled than HC, but have a tendency towards a general positive psychological state of mind. Non-continuous CLBP patients would most likely present a negative psychological mindset, become more disabled and have prolonged fatigue complaints. Finally, the continuous CLBP patients are characterized by more negative attitudes and believes on pain, enhanced disability and interference of pain in their daily lives. PMID: 33016899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
This study was conducted on 92 patients suffering from chronic LBP admitted to the rehabilitation ward. The Polish version of the 36-item WHODAS 2.0, the Sf-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) questionnaires were applied to assess patients. The scale score reliability of the entire tool for the study population was very high. The Cronbach’s alpha test result for the entire scale was 0.92. For the overall result of the WHODAS 2.0, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC1,2) was 0.928, which confirmed...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study will generate evidence for different TCM nonpharmacological therapies for CLBP and provide a decision-making reference for clinical research. Ethics and dissemination: This study does not require ethical approval. The results will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication. OSF registration number: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/4H3Y9.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
This study aimed to confirm the correlations among hip extension range of motion, hip extension asymmetry, pain intensity, disability index, and compensatory lumbar movement in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS Of 66 patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain and limited hip extension, 59 met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study. Pain intensity, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), hip range of motion, compensatory lumbar extension, and compensatory lumbar rotation of the subjects were assessed. Pain was measured using a numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), and hip extensi...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
We examined 16 review articles and 11 randomized controlled trials published in the last 5  years on the clinical efficacy of acupuncture in adults with CMP conditions. The available evidence suggests that acupuncture does have short-term pain relief benefits for patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis and chronic low back pain and is a safe and reasonable referral option. Acupunct ure may also have a beneficial role for fibromyalgia. However, the available evidence does not support the use of acupuncture for treating hip osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.SummaryThe majority of studies concluded the superi...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe THT technique proved to be a feasible, safe, and effective alternative for corrective surgery of primary midline hernias associated with diastasis recti. Short- and mid-term results are encouraging but need to be confirmed by further studies with longer follow-up. The achieved midline reconstruction offers a significant improvement of patients' perceived quality of life through reduction of abdominal wall pain, bulging, low back pain, and urinary stress incontinence.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Asahi MG, Briganti D, Cam E, Seffinger MA Abstract Chronic diseases and musculoskeletal conditions are responsible for a significant portion of the global disease burden and are frequently comorbid, such as with low back pain in patients who also have chronic organ disease. Low back pain is the leading cause of long-term disability and is the most common reason adults seek adjunctive treatment, including osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT). OMT has been shown to be effective in relieving low back pain and improving back-specific functioning. In this narrative review, the authors summarize literature p...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
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