MiRNA-200a-3p suppresses the proliferation, migration and invasion of non-small cell lung cancer through targeting IRS2.

CONCLUSIONS: MiRNA-200a-3p suppresses the proliferative, migratory, and invasive abilities of NSCLC by targeting IRS2, thus alleviating the progression of NSCLC. PMID: 32016973 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

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Somatic alterations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (EGFR) result in aberrant activation of kinase signaling and occur in ∼15% of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Patients diagnosed with EGFR-mutant NSCLC have good initial clinical response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs), yet tumor recurrence is common and quick to develop. Mechanisms of acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs have been studied extensively over the past decade. Great progress has been made in understanding two major routes of therapeutic failure: additional genomic alterations in the EGFR gene and activation of alternative kin...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In this study we analyzed and validated the cytogenetic alterations that arise after treatment in four lung and ovarian paired cisplatin-sensitive/resistant cell lines by 1-million microarray-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) and qRT-PCR methodologies. RNA-sequencing, functional transfection assays, and gene-pathway activity analysis were used to identify genes with a potential role in the development of this malignancy. The results were further explored in 55 lung and ovarian primary tumors and control samples, and in two extensive in silico databases. Long-term cell exposure to platinum induces the freq...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the common malignant tumors, and multidrug resistance (MDR) and tumor metastasis limit the anticancer effect of NSCLC. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new anticancer drug that can inhibit MDR and metastasis of NSCLC. In the present study, we found that 5-(2-chlorophenyl)-4-(4-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)piperazine-1-carbonyl)-2H-1,2,3- triazole (MAY) displayed strong cytotoxic effect on A549 and taxol-resistant A549 cells (A549/Taxol cells). We further discovered that MAY led to G2/M phase arrest by inhibiting microtubule polymerization in both cells. Then MAY...
Source: Chemico-Biological Interactions - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Chem Biol Interact Source Type: research
This study assesses the hypothesis that KRAS mutation directly regulates PD-L1 expression through the MEK-ERK pathway mediated by FRA1. Premalignant human bronchial epithelial cell (HBEC) lines harboring the KRAS mutationV12, EGFR mutation, p53 knock-down, or both KRAS mutation and p53 knock-down were tested for levels of PD-L1, FRA1, and ERK activation (pERK). Our results showed that KRAS mutation alone, but not other genetic alterations, induced significantly higher expression of PD-L1 compared to its vector counterparts. The increased PD-L1 expression in the KRAS mutated cells was dramatically reduced by inhibition of E...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Conclusion PPLELC is uncommon but distinct subtype of NSCLC with unique clinicop athologic characteristics that tends to affect young nonsmoking patients, without significant predilection for sex and with strong association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Histology and immunohistochemistry are the main diagnostic methods. Rare or no driver gene mutations were found in t he common oncogenes such as EGFR mutations and ALK gene rearrangement, implying that the mutagenesis of these genes was not involved in the tumorigenesis of PPLELC. PD-1 and PD-L1 may be potential therapeutic targets for PPLELC. The patients a...
Source: Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract N-heterocyclic carbenes-modified half-sandwich iridium(III) complex [(η5-C5Me4C6H4C6H5)Ir(C^C)Cl]PF6 (C1) (where C^C is a N-heterocyclic carbene ligand) can effectively prevent the proliferation of human cervical cancer cells. Here, this study aims to investigate the in-deep anticancer effects of this complex on non-small cell lung cancer cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay showed that iridium(III) complex had potent cytotoxicity studies towards non-small cell lung cancer cells (A549), human lung squamous cells ...
Source: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: J Inorg Biochem Source Type: research
RARITAN, NJ, March 10, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation for JNJ-61186372 (JNJ-6372) for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) Exon 20 insertion mutations, whose disease has progressed on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. JNJ-6372 is an EGFR-mesenchymal epithelial transition factor (MET) bispecific antibody that targets activating and resistant EGFR and MET mutations and amplifications.[1]...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS.—: Genetic variants in epithelial-mesenchymal transition and immune checkpoint genes are associated with immune cell profiles and may predict patient outcomes and response to immune checkpoint blockade. PMID: 32150457 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Pathol Lab Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present analysis suggested that TIPRL may serve as a biomarker for the prognosis of NSCLC and as a future target for its treatment. PMID: 32104250 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Circulating tumour cells (CTCs) are cancer cells of epithelial origin that are present in peripheral blood samples. ScreenCell detection of CTCs and the association with long term survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients was evaluated in the present study. A total of 33 patients undergoing surgical resection for NSCLC were recruited. Patients were followed up for 5-years post-operatively. Pre-operative patient bloods samples were processed using ScreenCell. CTCs were detected in 26 (79%) patients. In patients who were positive for CTCs, a total of 9 (35%) patients succumbed to the disease, ...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Mol Clin Oncol Source Type: research
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