Automatic computation of mandibular indices in dental panoramic radiographs for early osteoporosis detection

CONCLUSIONSThe proposed approach provides an automatic procedure able to process with efficiency and reliability panoramic X-Ray images for early osteoporosis detection.
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS The results suggested that posterior atlantoaxial rod, screw fixation system, and posterior interfacet fusion could achieve satisfactory initial results for the treatment of atlantoaxial dislocation combined with osteoporosis. PMID: 32909549 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
We report a rare case of bilateral atypical ulnar fractures in an 86-year-old woman with osteoporosis who finished the treatment with teriparatide for 2 years after long-term treatment with BP. She slid down from an approximately 30-cm-tall seat and slightly contused her left elbow. Plain radiography revealed that both ulnae had a noncomminuted short oblique fracture with cortical thickening and sclerosis at the fracture site. Based on the clinical and radiological findings, she was diagnosed with bilateral atypical ulnar fractures. The fracture of the left ulna was completely displaced and treated surgically. On the other...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In this case report, we present the bone scintigraphic findings of a 9-year-old boy with Gaucher disease who has a history of fractures to evaluate the extent of his osseous lesions. Gaucher disease is a genetic deficiency of lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase, which results in the accumulation of glucocerebroside in the macrophages in the reticuloendothelial cells of the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. Most patients with type 1 Gaucher disease present a clinical or radiographic evidence of infiltrative bone disease. Lipid-filled macrophages called Gaucher cells infiltrate the bone marrow, leading to medullary expansion, ...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the functional recovery at 24 months follow-up showed no significant differences in elderly patients with QP fracture undergoing anatomical reconstruction (displacement 0-1 mm) compared to patients receiving a good QP fracture reconstruction (displacement ≤ 3 mm). PMID: 32902823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: Age and tooth loss were related to MCW and MIC in the population investigated. An age of ≥60 as well as more than 3.5 teeth lost seem to be indicators for a risk of osteoporosis in Chinese females based on panoramic views using artificial-intelligence-based software.
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, Volume 130, Issue 2Author(s): H. LING, J. YANG
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Luciana Munhoz, Isabela Goulart Gil Choi, Daniel Key Miura, Plauto Christopher Aranha Watanabe, Emiko Saito AritaIndian Journal of Dental Research 2020 31(3):457-464 Aim: Mandibular cortical index has proven to be inversely correlated to bone densitometry; however, trabecular bone pattern has not been widely studied. Thus, the main objectives of this study were: (1) to analyze the correlations between three different sites of peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry with the mandibular cortical index and the trabecular bone pattern classification; (2) to assess the correlation between the mandibular cortical index and ...
Source: Indian Journal of Dental Research - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Proximal humerus fractures are the third most common osteoporosis defining injury in the United States, yet operative fixation of these injuries remains technically challenging. While several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors are correlated with failure of proximal humerus fixation, no study has investigated whether failure to restore glenohumeral offset plays a part in fixation failure. The goals of this study are: 1.) to determine if lateral glenohumeral offset (LGHO) and humeral head diameter (HHD) can be measured radiographically with accuracy between observers 2.) observe whether there is a correlation betwee...
Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Proximal humerus fractures, although common, have high rates of failure after open reduction and internal fixation. The use of a fibular allograft has been explored as a means to decrease complications, particularly varus collapse and the need for revision surgery. The authors performed a retrospective review of 133 proximal humerus fractures managed surgically with locking plates (n=72) or locking plates with fibular allograft intramedullary struts (n=61). Demographic, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were collected and analyzed. The fibular allograft group was more likely to be older (P
Source: Orthopedics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Orthopedics Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between fenestrated pedicle screws augmented with cement and expandable pedicle screws in percutaneous vertebral fixation surgical procedures for the treatment of degenerative and traumatic spinal diseases in aging patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center study. Twenty patients each in the expandable and cement-augmented screw groups were recruited. Clinical outcomes included visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and satisfaction rates. Radiographic outcomes ...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
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