Cardiovascular Disorders Mediated by Autonomic Nervous System Dysfunction

Cardiovascular disorders, such as orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension, are common in patients with neurodegenerative synucleinopathies such as Parkinson disease (PD), and may also occur in other conditions, such as peripheral neuropathies, that result in autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. Dysfunction and degeneration of the ANS are implicated in the development of orthostatic and postprandial hypotension and impaired thermoregulation. Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) results from sympathetic failure and is a common autonomic disorder in PD. Supine hypertension may also occur as a result of both sympathetic and parasympathetic dysfunction in conjunction with nOH in the majority of patients with PD. Management of supine hypertension in the setting of nOH can be counterintuitive and challenging. Additionally, the presence of other noncardiovascular comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus and peripheral edema, may further contribute to the burden of disease. ANS dysfunction thus presents major healthcare implications and challenges for neurology and cardiovascular practices, necessitating an integrated neurology and cardiology management approach.
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

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