Palatal myoclonus secondary to neurosarcoidosis

Palatal myoclonus can be primary or secondary. In primary palatal myoclonus, no obvious structural brain lesions can be found within the triangle of Guillain and Mollaret. Common causes of secondary myoclonus include stroke, demyelination, infections, trauma, and neurodegeneration. AbstractPalatal myoclonus can be primary or secondary. In primary palatal myoclonus, no obvious structural brain lesions can be found within the triangle of Guillain and Mollaret. Common causes of secondary myoclonus include stroke, demyelination, infections, trauma, and neurodegeneration.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CLINICAL VIDEO Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Preliminary literature suggests that FMT may be a promising treatment option for several neurological disorders. However, available evidence is still scanty and some contrasting results were observed. A limited number of studies in humans have been performed or are ongoing, while for some disorders only animal experiments have been conducted. Large double-blinded randomized controlled trials are needed to further elucidate the effect of FMT in neurological disorders.
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We present a case of a 51-year-old male with paresis and altered mental status. Screening for neurological diseases such as stroke, Guillain-Barre, meningitis and encephalitis were negative. In the evolution, he developed acute kidney failure and was submitted to 4 dialysis sessions. After talking to the family, we discovered he had ingested over 50 star fruits prior to the acute neurologic deficits. He recovered renal function so a renal biopsy was not required. Physicians should actively look for star fruit ingestion history in patients presenting with unexplained acute kidney injury with or without neurological features...
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
We present a case of hypertrophic olivary degeneration in a patient with a history of ischemic stroke two years before the development of palatal tremor.
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
In this report, a case of MFS is highlighted that was mistakenly treated as posterior circulation stroke, as well as the challenges faced in reaching the correct diagnosis and hence the appropriate treatment. PMID: 31808458 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
AbstractMany neurological diseases may cause acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to involvement of bulbar respiratory center, spinal cord, motoneurons, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction, or skeletal muscles. In this context, respiratory emergencies are often a challenge at home, in a neurology ward, or even in an intensive care unit, influencing morbidity and mortality. More commonly, patients develop primarily ventilatory impairment causing hypercapnia. Moreover, inadequate bulbar and expiratory muscle function may cause retained secretions, frequently complicated by pneumonia, atelectasis, and, ultimately, hypoxe...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: AMAN is still the most common subtype of GBS in northern China. A decline in dCMAP amplitude is predictive factor of a slow recovery and poor outcome of GBS. Diarrhea and CBs may be the factors for better short-term prognosis in AMAN patients in Northern China.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We present a case of a 70-year-old hypertensive woman who developed global weakness, eventually becoming quadriplegic, during an inpatient stay for treatment of a basal ganglia haemorrhagic stroke. Guillain-Barré syndrome was confirmed and treatment initiated. She responded well to intravenous immunoglobulin treatment and then subsequently continued with rehabilitation.There have been a few case reports of GBS as a complication of spontaneous intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) or traumatic brain injury. It may not be a coincidence that our patient developed GBS shortly after presentation. There may be an immunological e...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo describe the epidemiology and clinical heterogeneity of Guillain –Barré syndrome (GBS) in Denmark and to compare a population-based cohort to prospectively included patients in the International GBS Outcome Study (IGOS).MethodsThe incidence rate (IR) of GBS in Denmark from September 2012 to December 2015, applying the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) diagnostic criteria, was estimated and the level of diagnostic certainty was described with the Brighton criteria. All cases registered with a diagnosis of GBS or other inflammatory neuropathies in the Danish Nat...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Analysis of the dataset provided confirmation of the results in the literature that lesions within the Guillain-Mollaret triangle more often lead to HOD. Patients with corresponding symptoms should be closely observed over time with respect to the occurrence of corresponding clinical and imaging leading symptoms. Even though the named clinical symptoms are characteristic for HOD, in many cases the diagnosis is hampered and delayed by imprecise examination and misinterpretation of the symptoms. A logopedic examination using FEES in this collective often provided indicative information. Currently, no reliable dat...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
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