South Africa: Many Countries Regulate E-Cigarettes. South Africa Should Too

[The Conversation Africa] Opinions differ on how to regulate electronic cigarettes. But dozens of countries are taking action. In Africa, Kenya already taxes these products, and South Africa is preparing to follow. E-cigarettes don't contain tobacco, which has harmful health effects. But they often contain highly addictive nicotine and have their own negative health risks.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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While some people who’ve become addicted to alcohol and drugs have to hit rock bottom before they’re ready to accept treatment, most realize or can be convinced of the need to get professional help long before such a calamitous event. As for the timing, knowing when you are ready for treatment, it’s different for everyone. It may help to know some of the common signs you’re ready to take the crucial next step.  You’ve Had Enough — And So Has Everyone Else The list of addictive behaviors is long and varied, including problem drinking and alcohol abuse that descends into alcohol use d...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Alcoholism Habits Substance Abuse Source Type: news
Conditions:   Opioid-Related Disorders;   Opioid Dependence;   Opioid Addiction;   Opioid Withdrawal Interventions:   Device: Bridge Device;   Drug: Lofexidine;   Drug: Placebo;   Device: Sham Bridge Device Sponsors:   Johns Hopkins University;   National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Having trouble viewing this email? View it as a Web page. NIDCR's Spring 2020 E-Newsletter In this issue: NIDCR News Funding Opportunities NIH/HHS News Funding Notices Science Advances Subscribe to NICDR News Grantee News   NIDCR News CDC’s COVID-19 Guidance for Dental Settings  Dental health care personnel can find COVID-19-related information on the CDC’s Division of Oral Health website, which offers guidance and resources for clinics and health care facilities and recommen...
Source: NIDCR Science News - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
Prolonged social isolation raises the risk of relapse for people in recovery
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news
ConclusionThe Fear of COVID-19 Scale, a seven-item scale, has robust psychometric properties. It is reliable and valid in assessing fear of COVID-19 among the general population and will also be useful in allaying COVID-19 fears among individuals.
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
ConclusionsTogether, our data provide insight into the mesocorticolimbic mechanisms behind motivated behaviors by showing a modulatory role of dopamine in the expression of cost/benefit decisions. In contrast to our expectations, dopamine did not appear to directly mediate the type of behavioral control that is tested in our task.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Ahead of Print.
Source: Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Atuchin At present, personalized diets, which take into account consumer genetic characteristics, are growing popular. Nutrigenetics studies the effect of gene variations on metabolism and nutrigenomics, which branches off further and investigates how nutrients and food compounds affect genes. This work deals with the mutations affecting the assimilation of metabolites, contributing to nutrigenetic studies. We searched for the genes responsible for eating preferences which allow for the tailoring of personalized diets. Presently, genetic nutrition is growing in demand, as it contributes to the prevention and/or rehabil...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
AbstractOne manner in which G ‐protein coupled receptors potentiate, increase and change their functionality is through the formation of heteromers in a specific cellular context. Previously, we have shown that dopamine D1 receptor (D1R) and the corticotropin releasing factor receptor type‐2α (CRF2α) heteromerize in HEK293 T cells, enabling D1R to mobilize intracellular calcium in response to D1R agonists. In the present study, we further investigated the pharmacological properties of the CRF2α‐D1R heteromer and the consequences of the heteromerization in their signaling and subcellular localization...
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Addiction experts are calling the coronavirus pandemic a national relapse trigger. Online support groups, doctors and even federal agencies are rushing to aid people in recovery.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Drug Abuse and Traffic Therapy and Rehabilitation Alcohol Abuse Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Alcoholics Anonymous Narcotics Anonymous Naloxone (Drug) Epidemics Mental Health and Disorders Source Type: news
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