TECHNIQUES Vagus Nerve Stimulation and the Cardiovascular System
The vagus nerve plays an important role in maintaining physiological homeostasis, which includes reflex pathways that regulate cardiac function. The link between vagus nerve activity and the high-frequency component of heart rate variability (HRV) has been well established, correlating with vagal tone. Recently, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been investigated as a therapeutic for a multitude of diseases, such as treatment-resistant epilepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and asthma. Because of the vagus nerve's innervation of the heart, VNS has been identified as a potential therapy for cardiovascular disorders, such as cardiac arrest, acute myocardial infarction, and stroke. Here, we review the current state of preclinical and clinical studies, as well as the potential application of VNS in relation to the cardiovascular system.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The severity of neurologic impairment is significantly associated with gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of two nutritional interventions in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied consecutive ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage from January 2014 to December 2018. They were stratified into two programs of nutritional therapy after GI hemorrhage: moderate feeding (more than 70% optimal caloric uptake, 50-100 mL/h) and trophic feeding (16-25% of t...
This study examined weight reduction as well as smoking as potential modifiable risk factors for PsA.The British Journal of Dermatology
Publication date: May 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 106Author(s): Blandine Dozières-Puyravel, Marion Danse, Estelle Goujon, Sophie Höhn, Stéphane Auvin
Publication date: May 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 106Author(s): Adriana Reyes-Miranda, Stephen Chan, Shaila Gowda, Jacob Kean, Joyce A. Cramer, Mary Jo Pugh
Publication date: May 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 106Author(s): Ramzi Shawahna, Imad Abdelhaq
Publication date: May 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 106Author(s): Anna Winczewska-Wiktor, Dorota Hoffman-Zacharska, Monika Starczewska, Izabela Kaczmarek, Magdalena Badura-Stronka, Barbara Steinborn
Authors: Battisha A, Sawalha K, Madoukh B, Sheikh O, Doughem K, Al-Akchar M, Al-Sadawi M, Shaikh S Abstract Systemic Mastocytosis (SM) is a disorder of excessive mast cell infiltration in multiple organ tissues. Atherosclerosis is a major risk factor for developing acute coronary syndrome . In addition to lipid accumulation in the arterial wall, inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of plaque rupture and activating the thrombosis cascade . The Mast cells contribution to plaque destabilization has been well established in multiple animal and human studies . In a recent study, SM has been ...
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Sanjeev Rastogi
Conclusion: This meta-analysis supports the concept of RDN as an adjunctive treatment for atrial fibrillation. Further studies with standardized PVI and RDN procedures are needed.